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Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is a national wildlife refuge located in northeastern Alaska, on the Alaska North Slope. It consists of 19,286,722 acres, making it the largest national wildlife refuge in the United States. On the northern edge of the refuge is the Inupiat village of Kaktovik with a population of 258. The Gwich'in town of Arctic Village with 152 people lies at the refuge's southern boundary. The Dalton Highway passes near the western edge of [Page 179]the refuge. It was created as a federal protected area by order of the secretary of the interior in 1960. Since the oil crises of the 1970s, the refuge has been the center of political controversy because studies indicate it may contain large oil reserves.
The history of ...