Wildlife Restoration

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  • The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act of 1937 (16 U.S.C. 669–669k; 50 Stat. 917), commonly known as the Pittman-Robertson Act, provides federal aid for projects to identify, acquire, restore, rehabilitate, enhance, maintain, manage, and protect wildlife resources and to conduct hunter education programs.

    By the early twentieth century, the impacts of human encroachment, development, industrialization, urbanization, ranching, mining, logging, and sport and market hunting had adversely affected wildlife populations throughout the United States. The extinction of the passenger pigeon, coupled with rapidly declining populations of wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, wood ducks, pronghorn antelope, and bison, all demonstrated the inadequacy of existing state management programs and the pressing need for legislation and funding to protect wildlife species. Wildlife agency representatives, naturalists, conservationists, and sportsmen's organizations—including notable ...

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