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Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (1808–90) was a prominent citizen in California under Spanish, Mexican, and American governments. During Mexican rule, he became military commander of Northern California and founder of Sonoma. After the U.S. takeover, he served in the California constitutional convention and as a state senator.
Vallejo was born on July 4, 1808, in Monterey to a notable Spanish family. He married Francisca Benicia Carrillo in 1832 and was linked by family ties to many important Californios, including nephew Juan Bautista Alvarado, governor of California from 1836 to 1842.
As a youth, Vallejo was favored by Gov. Pablo Vicente de Sola, who helped him obtain books, groomed him for leadership, and introduced him to liberalism. Vallejo learned English, French, and Latin from English trader William Hartnell while ...