Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (1971)

Susan Sanchez-Barnett

In: Encyclopedia of Politics of the American West

Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (1971)

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  • President Richard M. Nixon signed the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) into law on December 23, 1971. This was the largest land claims settlement between the federal government and Native people; it was intended to settle aboriginal land claims as well as provide an economic stimulus for them. This settlement extinguished Native land titles and transferred land and monetary resources to twelve Alaskan Regional Corporations. A thirteenth corporation was also created for Alaskan Natives who no longer resided in the state. In addition, two hundred local village corporations were established.

    When Russia sold Alaska to the United States in 1867, all lands became public domains controlled by the federal government. Aboriginal title was not recognized in Alaska, and the Native Allotment Act of 1906 provided ...

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