Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (1980)

Andrew J. Hund

In: Encyclopedia of Politics of the American West

Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (1980)

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  • In 1980, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) was signed into law (Pub. L. 96–487; 94 Stat. 2371) by President Jimmy Carter. The act conserved 79.53 million acres (124,281 square miles) of Alaska lands, of which 27.47 million acres were listed as wilderness. ANILCA resulted in the creation and expansion of ten new national parks and preserves, two national monuments, nine wildlife refuges, two conservation areas, and twenty-five wild and scenic rivers, as well as expanded three existing national parks. Under ANILCA, Alaska's national park system increased by over 43 million acres. Beyond the creation and expansion of federal lands, ANILCA outlined specific management stipulations for Alaskan public lands, including on subsistence; transportation; public access; natural resource extraction and natural gas and oil ...

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