Senate, U.S.

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  • The U.S. Senate, along with the House of Representatives, makes up the legislative branch of the U.S. government, which drafts laws and fulfills an oversight function over the appointees of the executive branch. Whereas the population of each state determines how many House members will represent it, each state has two senators, giving the states equality of representation in the Senate. As opposed to the House members, who have to run for reelection every two years, Senate members serve a six-year term. In the debates surrounding the Senate during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, it was determined that the Senate's responsibilities for oversight of foreign policy necessitated a longer term to avoid having new and inexperienced senators determine the policies of the federal government toward ...

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