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Proposition 13 (California, 1978)

Proposition 13 was a 1978 voter-initiated ballot proposition in California that set property values for tax purposes at the 1975–1976 market value and limited the tax rate to 1 percent, set a cap on increases for continuing owners of 2 percent a year, and gave new owners a fully reassessed value base. More important, it mandated a two-thirds vote in the legislature for any statewide revenue increase and a two-thirds vote of local voters for any local government tax increase.

The stimulus for what came to be called the “taxpayers’ revolt” was reform. A scandal in the assessors’ office in 1966 led the legislature to set real estate assessments at a fixed percentage of market value. Inflation in the 1970s affected real estate values, causing the ...

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