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The 1964 presidential election pitted U.S. senator from Arizona and Republican nominee Barry Goldwater against President Lyndon B. Johnson. Goldwater ran as an avowedly conservative candidate, claiming to represent western values like limited government, freedom, and individualism. However, Goldwater lost in a landslide to Johnson, who ran on a platform of peace and prosperity.

Goldwater was born in 1909. His family was instrumental in the founding of Arizona. Goldwater's uncle Morris was a leader in the state Democratic Party and the longtime mayor of Prescott. His father, Baron, operated a series of successful department stores. Goldwater became active in the store's operations after his father's death in 1929. He left the store during World War II, where he served as a pilot flying supply missions ...

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