National Environmental Policy Act (1969)

Ralph Hartsock

In: Encyclopedia of Politics of the American West

National Environmental Policy Act (1969)

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  • The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA; Pub. L. 91–90) consolidated activities of several agencies and formulated a single focused policy toward the environment in the United States. Primary among the consequences of the act were formation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and initiation of the environmental impact statement (EIS). NEPA's primary sponsor was Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash. The U.S. Senate passed the NEPA by a voice vote on July 10, 1969. The House passed its version, by Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., with amendments by Rep. Wayne Aspinall, D-Colo., on September 23, with a 372 to 15 vote. The chambers voted on December 20 and 23, respectively, to enact NEPA. Despite his opposition to the legislation, President Richard Nixon signed NEPA on ...

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