Muir, John

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  • Naturalist John Muir (1838–1914) was the most prominent leader in the movement to protect the American wilderness, especially in the West. Today, John Muir is considered by many to be the father of the U.S. national parks, and he also founded the Sierra Club, one of the most important conservation organizations in the United States.

    Muir was born on April 21, 1838, in Dunbar, Scotland. During his childhood, Muir began to admire the wild and mysterious Scottish landscape. On the shores near Dunbar, he developed an interest in bird watching. After his family moved to Wisconsin, where his father bought a farm called Hickory Hill (near the town of Portage), he learned to cultivate land, cut wood, and plow fields. Muir had a difficult youth. His ...

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