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Hiram Warren Johnson (1866–1945) served the state of California as governor (1910–16) and as a U.S. senator (1916–45) in a career that spanned progressivism, the New Deal, and both world wars. Johnson was known as a political reformer and isolationist who campaigned against corruption and for the rights of labor while opposing American participation in international organizations.

Johnson was born September 2, 1866, in Sacramento, California, to a prominent family. His father, Grove L. Johnson, was an attorney and Republican politician who supported the Southern Pacific Railroad while serving as a state senator and congressman. After attending the University of California at Berkeley, Johnson was admitted to the state bar in 1888. Johnson initially worked in the family law firm, but he split politically with his ...

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