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The political history of New Mexico falls neatly into four general categories: Colony of Imperial Spain (1530–1823), The Mexican Republic (1823–46), Federal Territory of the United States (1846–1912), and a state of the United States (1912–).

Colony of Imperial Spain

For much of New Mexico's history it was a far off province of, first, Spain, then following the successful revolution of 1823, a state of the new Mexican Republic. The earliest governor mentioned in the literature was Juan de Ornate, circa 1602 to at least 1608. He was followed by Don Pedro de Peralta, Felipe Zotylo, and Manuel de Silva. The literature suggests that there were a total of thirteen royal governors from 1629 through 1683.

The Mexican Republic

The early-nineteenth-century history of New Mexico revolves around the trade ...

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