Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of (1848)

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  • The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War and was signed on February 2, 1848. The U.S. Senate made minor modifications to the text and ratified the treaty on March 10, and Mexico approved the changes on May 25, 1848. Mexico acquiesced to U.S. possession of Texas, California, and New Mexico and ceded parts of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. The Rio Grande and the Gila River became the southern border of the United States, and Mexico lost over five hundred thousand square miles of land. The U.S. government promised to cover the debt obligations owed by the Mexican government to American creditors, and Mexico received $15 million in compensation. The people living in the ceded territories had the right to return ...

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