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In 1905 the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) was created to manage the national supply of timber, regulate grazing and fire, and protect watersheds. Currently, the USFS is responsible for the management of some 193 million acres comprising 155 national forests and twenty national grasslands. This includes overseeing resource use and extraction; safeguarding wilderness and roadless areas and wild- and scenic-river corridors; and facilitating outdoor recreation. It maintains research stations throughout the United States and internationally and regulates wildfire nationwide. As founding chief Gifford Pinchot explained, its guiding principle is “Where conflicting interests must be reconciled, the question shall always be answered from the standpoint of the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run.” Progressive faith in professionalism and scientific management to this ...

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