Farm Security Administration, U. S.

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  • Established in 1937, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) was one of several farm relief programs enacted during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Four years earlier, the Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933) had included a controversial experiment attempting to establish subsistence homesteads—semirural towns with attached garden plots. Sites dotted the West in Arizona, California, and Washington, but the program never gained permanence. In 1935 Roosevelt combined this and other experimental Federal Emergency Relief Administration programs into the Resettlement Administration (RA), headed by Rexford Tugwell. Opponents in Congress objected to what they called a “socialist” effort to relocate farmers into collectives and feared it would create a shortfall of cheap tenants for more affluent farm owners. To rehabilitate croppers, tenants, and impoverished farm owners, the RA ...

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