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  • Evangelicalism is an expression of transdenominational and nondenominational conservative Protestantism arising in post–World War II religious dynamics of American culture. Central theological tenets are belief in the necessity of personal religious conversion (or being “born again”), a high regard for the authority of the Bible and the concept of biblical inerrancy, active participation in evangelism, and an emphasis on teachings affirming the virgin birth, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Demographically strong in the West, evangelicals are usually theologically, socially, and politically conservative.

    Evangelicalism began in England in the 1730s in the Anglo-American revivalism of clergymen such as George Whitfield (1714–70) and John Wesley (1703–91), and spread to the American colonies resulting in the Great Awakening (1734–50). In the 1800s, evangelicalism was manifested in ...

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