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Contemporary political conservatism in the American West dates from dissatisfaction with the modern Republicanism of the Eisenhower administration, which many conservatives felt was excessively accommodating to Democratic New Deal–era policy beliefs.Barry Goldwater
Contemporary conservatism's emergence began in the early 1960s with the rise to national prominence of Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz. He became a leading exponent of the discontent with Eisenhower's style of Republicanism and articulated it in his book, The Conscience of a Conservative (1960).
Conservative organizations, such as Young Americans for Freedom, were founded during this period and helped to stimulate increased conservative political activism. This culminated in Goldwater's receiving the 1964 Republican presidential nomination. Although he would lose a landslide election to Lyndon Johnson that year, Goldwater's success ensured that conservatives would eventually become ...