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Colorado River Compact (1922)
The Colorado River Compact (Pub. L. 67–56) came about through the efforts of the U.S. government, led by Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover and seven states, to create a mechanism for equitably distributing Colorado River water to the increasing populations of the western states. The participating states included Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. They were divided into two different basins. Upper-basin states included [Page 252]the parts of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming whose waters drain naturally into the Colorado River north of Lee's Ferry in Coconino County, Arizona. Lower-basin states included the parts of Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah whose waters drain naturally into the Colorado south of Lee's Ferry.
The compact also sought to promote beneficial water ...