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William Perry (Bill) Clements Jr. served as deputy secretary of defense in the administrations of presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford. Clements also served as forty-second (1979–83) and forty-fourth (1987–91) governor of Texas. Clements was the first Republican governor of Texas since the close of Reconstruction.
Clements was born in Dallas, Texas, on April 17, 1917. He grew up among the wealthy families of Dallas in Highland Park and graduated from high school there in 1934. Clements worked with a geophysical crew in oil fields located on the Gulf Coast before returning to Dallas to enroll in Southern Methodist University (SMU); later, he transferred to the University of Texas.
Clements returned to the oil fields as an employee of Oil Well Supply Company and worked ...