Applying the Strategic Perspective: Problems and Models


Anna Getmansky & Alejandro Quiroz Flores

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  • CQ Press

    CQ Press, an imprint of SAGE, is the leading publisher of books, periodicals, and electronic products on American government and international affairs. CQ Press consistently ranks among the top commercial publishers in terms of quality, as evidenced by the numerous awards its products have won over the years. CQ Press owes its existence to Nelson Poynter, former publisher of the St. Petersburg Times, and his wife Henrietta, with whom he founded Congressional Quarterly in 1945. Poynter established CQ with the mission of promoting democracy through education and in 1975 founded the Modern Media Institute, renamed The Poynter Institute for Media Studies after his death. The Poynter Institute ( is a nonprofit organization dedicated to training journalists and media leaders.

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    Tables and Figures

    • 1.1 International Organization Membership and Cooperation 9
    • 1.2 Religious Differences and Conflict 9
    • 1.3 Democracy and Compliance with Human Rights Norms 10
    • 2.1 Key Characteristics of Tyrantia and Democratia 11
    • 2.2 Winning Coalition Size and Private Goods 12
    • 2.3 Evaluating Values of w15
    • 2.4 Evaluating Values of s16
    • 3.1 Preferences of Three Hypothetical States over Greenhouse Emissions 19
    • 3.2 Preferences of Three Hypothetical States over Greenhouse Emissions for Exercise 3-4b 19
    • 3.3 Expected Utility of Two Lottery Tickets for Exercise 3-10 28
    • 3.4 Expected Utility of Different War Situations for Exercise 3-11 28
    • 3.5 Expected Utility of Different Universities for Exercise 3-13 29
    • 4.1 Prisoner's Dilemma in Arms Control 33
    • 4.2 Prisoner's Dilemma in Trade 34
    • 4.3 The Afghan Taliban's Problem 35
    • 4.4 The Prime Ministers' Problem 35
    • 4.5 Chicken 36
    • 4.6 Stag Hunt 37
    • 4.7 Deadlock 37
    • 4.8 Harmony 38
    • 4.9 Coordination 38
    • 4.10 US-China Confrontation 39
    • 5.1 North Korean Values for Settlement and War 44
    • 5.2 US Values for Settlement and War 45
    • 5.3 Empirical Evidence for the Power Transition Theory 51
    • 6.1 The Components of Winning 60
    • 6.2 The Costs of Fighting: R = 1 61
    • 6.3 The Costs of Fighting: R = 0 62
    • 6.4 Comparing Russia and Georgia 63
    • 7.1 Cleaning Up the Lake I 67
    • 7.2 Cleaning Up the Lake II 68
    • 7.3 Cleaning Up the Lake III 69
    • 7.4 Article VIII Signing and Democracy 72
    • 7.5 Article VIII Signing and Prior Compliance 73
    • 7.6 Current Account Restriction and Article VIII Signing 74
    • 7.7 Current Compliance and Prior Compliance 75
    • 8.1 Game for Exercise 8-2 80
    • 8.2 Game for Exercise 8-3 80
    • 8.3 Game for Exercise 8-4 80
    • 8.4 Game for Exercise 8-5 81
    • 9.1a Poverty and Political Regimes—Top 10 States 88
    • 9.1b Poverty and Political Regimes—Bottom 10 States 88
    • 9.2 Poverty and Political Regime 89
    • 9.3 Political Freedoms and Political Regime 90
    • 9.4 Poverty and Political Freedoms 90
    • 9.5 Political Freedoms and Poverty 91
    • 9.6 Does CEDAW Membership Promote Women in Politics? 92
    • 10.1 Free Trade in Widgets and Gizmos 95
    • 10.2 Free Trade in Bells and Whistles 95
    • 11.1 Top 10 Destinations of US Students Studying Abroad, and Top 10 Countries of Origin of Foreign Students Studying in the US in the 2009/10 Academic Year 107
    • 12.1 Comparing Aid Recipients 114
    • 12.2 Myanmar 116
    • 13.1 Terrorism Game I 122
    • 13.2 Terrorism Game II 123
    • 14.1 Comparing Interventions 130
    • 2.1 Graphing Winning Coalitions and Private Goods 12
    • 2.2 Graphing Values of w15
    • 2.3 Graphing Values of s16
    • 3.1 Single-Peaked and Non-Single-Peaked Preferences 18
    • 3.2 Preferred Level of Environmental Protection Regulations I 20
    • 3.3 Preferred Level of Environmental Protection Regulations II 20
    • 3.4 Preferred Level of Labor Standards 20
    • 3.5 Preferences at Munich 21
    • 3.6 NAFTA Preferences for Exercise 3-7 24
    • 3.7 Modeling NAFTA for Exercise 3-7 24
    • 3.8 Doha Development Round Preferences for Exercise 3-8 25
    • 3.9 The Doha Development Round for Exercise 3-8 25
    • 3.10 Modeling the China-Taiwan Dispute for Exercise 3-9 26
    • 4.1 Simple Trade Concession Game with Payoffs 40
    • 4.2 Unsolved Trade Concession Game for Exercise 4-7 40
    • 4.3 Unsolved Game with Cardinal Utilities for Exercise 4-8 40
    • 4.4 Unsolved Arms Control Game for Exercise 4-9a 40
    • 4.5 Unsolved Arms Control Game for Exercise 4-9e 41
    • 5.1 Acceptable Agreements: North Korea 44
    • 5.2 Acceptable Agreements: The US 45
    • 5.3 Acceptable Agreements: North Korea and the US I 46
    • 5.4 Acceptable Agreements: North Korea and the US II 46
    • 5.5 Acceptable Agreements: North Korea and the US III 46
    • 6.1 International Interaction Game for Exercise 6-3 54
    • 6.2 International Interaction Game for Exercise 6-4 55
    • 6.3 International Interaction Game for Exercise 6-5 56
    • 6.4 International Interaction Game for Exercise 6-6 57
    • 6.5 International Interaction Game for Exercise 6-7 58
    • 6.6 The Components of Winning 60
    • 6.7 The Costs of War: R = 1 61
    • 6.8 The Costs of War: R = 0 62
    • 8.1 Difference in Disaster Deaths by Institution 79
    • 10.1 Trade Restriction Game for Exercises 10-6a and 10-6b 97
    • 10.2 Trade Restriction Game for Exercises 10-6c and 10-6d 98
    • 11.1 Nature Chooses Greece's Type 105
    • 13.1 Terrorism Game for True Believers 118
    • 13.2 Terrorism Game for Complacent Opponents 119
    • 13.3 Terrorism Game for Reluctant Terrorists 119
    • 13.4 Terrorism Game for Reluctant Terrorists, Cardinal Utility Values 120
    • 13.5 Commitment Problem 124

    Note to Students

    As you may have already discovered, the fourth edition of Principles of International Politics is a unique international relations textbook. Like other introductory texts, it attempts to give you a wide-ranging view of the field and its impressive body of scholarship. Yet, unlike most textbooks, Principles challenges you to analyze real political problems in a rigorous fashion using mathematical tools. Although the text will take you step by step through these analytic tools, applying them effectively requires practice. Applying the Strategic Perspective will help you do just that. It offers additional explanations, examples, and exercises to help you employ important theoretical concepts and technical skills. You will not find instruction for every subsection of every chapter of Principles. Instead, the workbook offers advice, information, and help on the text's most important technical methods.

    How to Use This Book

    This is a book that is meant to be used—written in, scribbled on, and eventually torn up. As you work, you will find that you will need colored pens or pencils or highlighters and a simple calculator such as the ones on most cell phones or computers to solve some of the problems in this workbook. After you have worked through and solved exercises, your instructor may ask you to submit certain pages as homework. The workbook's pages are perforated to make this easy. We have endeavored to leave the space necessary for you to work right in the workbook, but in some cases, you may need more space to solve a problem than is provided. Should this occur, do your work on a separate sheet, write the answer in the workbook, and attach the sheet to the assignment. In other cases, you may simply want to follow along through the workbook as you read corresponding sections of the main text.

    In general, when you see mathematical work in the text, you should consider working through the math alongside the text, and/or consulting this workbook for additional explanation. Don't let the math worry you: Principles uses absolutely no math beyond what the SAT and ACT cover. Whereas most textbooks are designed to be read with a highlighter in hand, this one works best with a pencil and notebook paper for working through the examples on your own. It is important that you feel comfortable using the technical methods as they are introduced because you will be asked to apply them again in later sections of the book. The examples and exercises on these pages should help as you become familiar with the tools of Principles and allow you to gain a deeper understanding of the strategic perspective in international relations. Don't be shy, though. Be sure to ask your instructor to clarify any point you do not understand.

  • About the Authors

    Anna Getmansky is a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Social and Decision Sciences and a visiting fellow in the Center for International Relations and Politics at Carnegie Mellon University. She received her PhD from New York University (NYU). Her research interests include conflict and violence, both inter- and intra-state, and her dissertation considered the effects of domestic politics on government protection from insurgency and terrorism, and on the insurgents' and terrorists' choices of targets. At Carnegie Mellon she teaches courses on terrorism and insurgency as well as international conflict, and she previously taught international relations at NYU.

    Alejandro Quiroz Flores is Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in the Department of Government, University of Essex. He obtained his PhD in politics at New York University in 2010, where he was also clinical assistant professor. He specializes in methodology, political economy, and international relations. His work has appeared or is forthcoming in the British Journal of Political Science, International Studies Quarterly, Economics and Politics, Conflict Management and Peace Science, and Foreign Policy Analysis.

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