- Teaching Notes
- Supplementary Resources
Towards the end of 1990s, mounting losses forced the Madhya Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (MPSRTC), the sole provider of public transport in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, to suspend its urban transport services. As a consequence, organized public transport services ceased to exist in Indore, the largest metropolitan city in the state. This void was filled by the Intermediate Public Transport System (IPTS), consisting of minibuses, tempos and auto rickshaws. In January 2004, 300 private minibuses, 150 tempos, and 10,000 auto rickshaws were plying in the city under the IPTS.
Worried over the rapid growth in the number of personalized vehicles and the high levels of pollution and accidents in Indore, policy makers and administrators made several attempts to revive the public transport ...