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Chapter 5: Militarization Values, Attitudes, and Practices in South Asia
Militarism is the ideology that endorses military values in civilian interaction and easily intersects with other ideologies, value systems, relations, structures, and practices. The interwoven triad of militarization, masculinity, and patriarchy profoundly influence state– society relations in the South Asian countries even as they connect with global capitalism. Militarization occurs wherever power is primarily backed by the reservoir of force in both material manifestation and ideology. It is a national–state building exercise that is heightened with the political economy of war, force, security, and control.
National security conceptions and aggressive nationalism provide militarism legitimacy and manufactures consent, making it both a state and ...