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Chapter 3: Recognizing the Signs of Bias
In 1994, Gibbs introduced six categories of bias, and while there have been additions over time to the list, it is worth re-examining in light of what we know today. He lists six types of bias to avoid in the classroom if we are going to truly respect and celebrate diversity among students: linguistic bias, stereotyping, exclusion, unreality, selectivity, and isolation. Using his terminology for the types of bias, let's look at what the implications are for the classroom.
Linguistic bias includes any language that is dehumanizing or denies the existence of a certain group, such as females or males. It occurs when we teach history without acknowledging the contributions of minorities. Linguistic bias also occurs ...