Using Psychology in the Classroom

Books

Stephen James Minton

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Education at SAGE

    SAGE is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets.

    Our education publishing includes:

    • accessible and comprehensive texts for aspiring education professionals and practitioners looking to further their careers through continuing professional development
    • inspirational advice and guidance for the classroom
    • authoritative state of the art reference from the leading authors in the field

    Find out more at:http://www.sagepub.co.uk/education

    Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    List of Figures

    • 3.1 Schematic model of Lawrence's description of self-concept 33
    • 3.2 Schematic model of Heidegger's description of Dasein35
    • 3.3 A proposed working model of self-esteem 36

    About the Author

    Dr Stephen James Minton is a chartered psychologist and a full-time lecturer in the psychology of education at the School of Education, Trinity College Dublin, and a graduate of the University of Glasgow and Trinity College Dublin. He is the co-author of Dealing with Bullying in Schools: A Training Manual for Teachers, Parents and Other Professionals (SAGE, 2004), and has authored and co-authored numerous scholarly articles on the psychology of education, particularly on the subject of school bullying and violence. Dr Minton is regularly called upon to provide training to various groups within schools and the broader community in Ireland and beyond.

    Dr Stephen James Minton CPsychol

    School of Education

    Trinity College Dublin Ireland

    Tel: +353 1 896 2216

    E-mail: mintonst@tcd.ie

    Acknowledgements

    Personally, I would like to thank the following family members for their help, support and inspiration over the years: my wife, Patricia Minton; my mother, Rosemary Elizabeth Fox; my sister, Sarah Minton; my daughter, Anna Rebecca Minton; and my son, Conor James Minton.

    On a professional level, I would like to thank Jude Bowen and her colleagues at Sage for their encouragement, interest and help in producing this book. I would also like to express my sincere thanks to my colleagues and students, past and present, at the School of Education, Trinity College Dublin, and to all of the students, staff members and parents in school communities all over Ireland with whom I have had the pleasure of working in the past. In this respect, I would particularly like to thank Rose Conway-Walsh and the people of the schools and the broader community of Erris, Co. Mayo. I would also like to thank the organisations who generously financially supported the research of my own that appears in this book – the Irish Independent newspaper, the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences, the Irish Youth Foundation, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, and Trinity College Dublin's Arts and Social Sciences Benefactions Fund.

    Finally, in ways which I cannot adequately articulate, but nevertheless hold to be true, much of what lies behind what might be called the ‘spirit’ of this book was inspired by my memory of my late maternal grandfather, James Sneddon (1925–1977), and it is to his memory that I dedicate this book. In my defens God me defend.

  • References

    Abercrombie, N., Hill, S. and Turner, B.S. (2000) The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology (
    4th edition
    ). London: Penguin.
    Aceviper.net (accessed 17th January 2011) Famous People IQs. Available at http://aceviper.net/estimated_iq_of_famous_people.php.
    Acosta, M.T., Arcos-Burgos, M. and Muenke, M. (2004) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Complex phenotype, simple genotype?Genetics in Medicine, 6(1): 1–15.
    Adler, A. (1956) The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler (H.L.Ansbacher and R.R.Ansbacher, eds) New York: Basic Books.
    Ahonen-Eerikäinen, H. (2002) Working from oneself as a base. Presented at Group Dynamics and Social Skills in the Classroom, a week-long intensive European in-service training course (Comenius 3.1) provided by the Finnish Centre for Health Promotion in Kuusamo, Finland (August).
    Alloway, T.P. (2011) Improving Working Memory: Supporting Students’ Learning. London: Sage.
    Alterophobia Blogspot (2011) Available at http://alterophobia.blogspot.com.
    American Psychiatric Association (APA) (2011) DSM 5 Development. Available at http://www.dsm5.org.
    Andreassi, J.L. (2006) Psychophysiology: Human Behaviour and Physiological Response (
    5th edition
    ). London: Psychology Press.
    Anti-Bullying Alliance (2011) Available at http://www.anti-bullyingalliance.org.uk.
    Asch, S.E. (1956) Studies of independence and conformity: A minority of one against a unanimous majority. Psychological Monographs, 70(9): whole no. 416.
    Atkinson, R.C. and Shifrin, R.M. (1968) Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K.W.Spence and J.T.Spence (eds), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press.
    Axline, V.M. (1947) Play Therapy. New York: Ballantine Books.
    Axline, V.M. (1964) Dibs: In Search of Self. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.
    Bachman, J.G. and O'Malley, P.M. (1977) Self-esteem in young men: A longitudinal analysis of the impact of educational and occupational attainment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35(6): 365–80.
    Bacik, I. (2004) Kicking and Screaming: Dragging Ireland into the 21st Century. Dublin: O'Brien Press.
    Baer, D.M., Wolf, M.M. and Risley, T.R. (1968) Some current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, 1(1): 91–7.
    Bandura, A., Ross, D. and Ross, S.A. (1961) Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63: 575–82.
    Banich, M.T. (1997) Neuropsychology: The Neural Bases of Mental Function. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
    Baron-Cohen, S. (2006) The hyper-systemizing, assortative-mating theory of autism. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 30(5): 865–72.
    Barron, M. and Collins, E. (2005) Responding to the needs of vulnerable lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered youth. Presented to the Irish Association of Suicidology Fifth Annual Conference, Dublin, December 2005.
    Baskett, L.M. (1985) Sibling status: Adult expectations. Developmental Psychology, 21: 441–5.
    Baumeister, R.F., Campbell, J.D., Krueger, J.I.D. and Vohs, K. (2003) Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles?Science in the Public Interest, 4(1): 1–44.
    BBC News (2008) SDLP hits out at new exam plans. Tuesday, 13 May. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/uk_news/northern_ireland/7399606.stm.
    BBC News (2010) Oldham merges schools segregated by race. Thursday, 5 August. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/newsnight/8881030.stm.
    Beckett, C. (2007) Human Growth and Development. London: Sage.
    Bee, H. and Boyd, D. (2010) The Developing Child (
    12th edition
    ). London: Pearson Education.
    BeLOnG To (2010) BeLonG To Professional: Supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young people in Ireland. Available at http://www.belongto.org/pro.
    BeLonG To/The Equality Authority (2006) Making your school safe for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students. Available at http://www.glen.ie/education/pdfs/Making_Your_School_Safe_EN.pdf.
    Bertoglio, K. and Hendren, R.L. (2009) New developments in autism. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32(1): 1–14.
    Bettleheim, B. (1967) The Empty Fortress: Infantile Autism and the Birth of the Self. Oxford: Free Press of Glencoe.
    Biesheuvel, S. (2002) An examination of Jensen's theory concerning educability, heritability and population differences. In A.Montagu (ed.), Race and IQ: Expanded Edition. Oxford University Press.
    Blumenfeld, W.J. and Raymond, D. (1992) Looking at Gay and Lesbian Life (
    2nd revised edition
    ). Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
    Bly, R. (1999) Iron John: A Book about Men. Shaftesbury: Element Books.
    Bongar, B.M. and Beutler, L.E. (eds) (1995) Comprehensive Textbook of Psychotherapy: Theory and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Boylan, H. (2008) Ben X. Film review. Sunday Business Post – ‘Agenda’, September 7.
    Bracken, H.M. (1999) George Berkely. In R.H.Popkin (ed.), The Pimlico History of Western Philosophy. London: Pimlico.
    Bradshaw, J. (1991) Homecoming: Reclaiming and Championing Your Inner Child. London: Piatkus.
    Bradshaw, J. (1995) Family Secrets: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You. London: Piatkus.
    Bramwell, S. and Mussen, D. (2003) Boy text bullied to death. Sunday Star – Times, November 30.
    Bridges, F.S., Anzalone, D.A., Ryan, S.W. and Anzalone, F.L. (2002) Extensions of the lost letter technique to divisive issues of creationism, Darwinism, sex education, and gay and lesbian affiliations. Psychological Reports, 90: 391–400.
    British Psychological Society (2010) 150 years of experimental psychology: special issue. The Psychologist, 23(12): 945–1024.
    British Psychological Society (2011) The British Psychological Society. Available at http://www.bps. org.uk.
    Broadstock, M., Doughty, C. and Eggleston, M. (2007) Systematic review of the effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 11(4): 335–48.
    Brody, N. (2004) What cognitive intelligence is and what emotional intelligence is not. Psychological Inquiry, 15: 234–8.
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979) The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989) Ecological systems theory. In R.Vasta (ed.), Annals of Child Development, Vol. 6: 187–249. Boston, MA: JAI Press.
    Brown, R. (2010) Prejudice: Its Social Psychology (
    2nd edition
    ). London: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Brown, H. and Ciuffetelli, D.C. (eds) (2009) Foundational Methods: Understanding Teaching and Learning. Toronto: Pearson Educational.
    Brown, R. and Kulik, J. (1997) Flashbulb memories. Cognition, 5: 73–99.
    Bryson, B. (1994) Made in America. Reading: Black Swan.
    Bryson, B. (1995) Notes from a Small Country. Reading: Black Swan.
    Bulmer, M.G. (2003) Francis Galton: Pioneer of Heredity and Biometrics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Burman, E. (1994) Deconstructing Developmental Psychology. London: Routledge.
    Burt, C.L. (1945) How the Mind Works. London: Allen and Unwin.
    Burt, C.L. (1958) The inheritance of mental ability. American Psychologist, 13: 1–15.
    Burt, C.L. (1959) The examination at Eleven Plus. British Journal of Education Studies, 7: 99–117.
    Butt, R. (2007) ‘Tragedy beyond words’ for family as woman, 20, dies after park attack. Guardian, August 25.
    Cahn, C.H. (2004) Eugen Bleuler's concepts of psychopathology. History of Psychiatry, 15(3): 361–6.
    Cameron, J.J., Stinson, D.A., Gaetz, R. and Balchen, S. (2010) In the eye of the beholder: Self-esteem and motivated perceptions of acceptance from the opposite sex. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(3): 513–29.
    Canadian Mental Health Association (2011) Children and Self-Esteem. Available at http://www.cmha.ca/bins/content_page.asp?cid=2-29-68.
    Cannon, W.B. (1932) The Wisdom of the Body. New York: Norton.
    Carlson, H.M. and Casavant, C.M. (1995) Education of Irish Traveller children: Some social issues. Irish Journal of Psychology, 16(2): 100–16.
    Carolan, F. and Redmond, S. (2003) shOUT. The Needs of Young People in Northern Ireland who Identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Transgender. Belfast: YouthNet.
    Charles, E. and McHugh, D. (2000) A whole school approach to culture and ethos. In C.Furlong and L.Monahan (eds.), School Culture and Ethos: Cracking the Code. Dublin: Marino Institute of Education.
    Chiu, M.M. (2000) Group problem-solving processes: Social interactions and individual actions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30(1): 27–50.
    Chiu, M.M. (2008) Flowing toward correct contributions during groups’ mathematics problem-solving: A statistical discourse analysis. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 17(3): 415–63.
    Cline, T. and Frederickson, N. (2009) Special Educational Needs, Inclusion and Diversity. Open University Press.
    Community Links Programme (2011) Dublin Institute of Technology. Available at http://www.dit.ie/communitylinks.
    Coopersmith, S. (1967) The Antecedents of Self-Esteem. San Fransisco, CA: Freeman.
    Cowie, H., Jennifer, D., Chankova, D., Poshtova, T., Deklerck, J., Deboutte, G., Ertesvåg, S.K., Samuelsen, A.S., O'Moore, A.M., Minton, S.J., Ortega, R. and Sanchez, V. (2006) VISTA: Violence in Schools Training Action. Available at http://www.vista-europe.org/index.php.
    Coyle, C. (2000) Self-Esteem and Educational Disadvantage in Ireland: A New Way Forward. Dublin Institute of Technology/‘Pathways through Education’ project document.
    Craig, S. (2000) Final Evaluation Report to the ‘Pathways through Education’ Project. Dublin Institute of Technology/‘Pathways through Education’ project document.
    Dallos, R. and Draper, R. (2010) An Introduction to Family Therapy: Systemic Theory and Practice (
    3rd edition
    ). Maidenhead: Open University Press.
    Darling-Hammond, L. and Bransford, J. (2005) Preparing Teachers for a Changing World: What Teachers Should Learn and be Able to Do. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    Darwin, C.R. (1859) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray.
    Davis, J.M. (2000) Multiple intelligences in the early childhood classroom. Available at http://www.galstar.com/~davii/mi.htm.
    Dawson, M., Mottron, L. and Gernsbacher, M.A. (2008) Learning in autism. In H.L.Roediger (ed.), Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference. New York: Academic Press.
    De Beauvoir, S. (1949) The Second Sex. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Deary, I.J. (2004) Intelligence differences. In R.L.Gregory (ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Mind. Oxford University Press.
    Deboutte, G., Deklerck, J., O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2006) ‘Verbondenheid’: Creating a positive school ethos of non-violence and respect through ‘Linkedness’. Available at http://www.vistaeurope.org/downloads/English/B3f.pdf.
    Deklerck, J., Deboutte, G. and Depuydt, A. (2003) The ‘Linkedness’ project. In Conferência Internacional Prevenção da Violência na Escola [International Conference on the Prevention of School Violence], eds L.Grave-Resendes and M.S.J.Caldeira, 321–325. Lisbon: Universidade Aberta.
    Department for Education and Skills (2010) Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning for Secondary Schools (SEAL): Guidance Booklet. London: Department for Education and Skills.
    Department of Education and Science (2000) Exploring Masculinities: A Programme in Personal and Social Development for Transition Year and Senior Cycle Boys and Young Men. Dublin: Department of Education and Science.
    Department of Education and Science & GLEN (Gay and Lesbian Equality Network) (2010) Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Students in Post-Primary Schools: Guide for Principals and School Leaders. Dublin: Department of Education and Science & GLEN.
    Descartes, R. (1641/1996) Meditations on First Philosophy. Transl. J.Cottingham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Dominick, K.C., Davis, N.O., Lainhart, J., Tager-Flusberg, H. and Folstein, S. (2007) Atypical behaviors in children with autism and children with a history of language impairment. Research into Developmental Disability, 28(2): 145–62.
    Duncan, N. (1999) Sexual Bullying. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Dunn, R., Beaudry, S. and Klavas, A. (1989) A survey of research on learning styles. Educational Leadership, 46: 50–8.
    Dweck, C.S. (1999) Self-theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality and Development. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
    Eaton, W.O., Chipperfield, J.G. and Singbeil, C.E. (1989) Birth order and activity level in children. Developmental Psychobiology, 25: 668–72.
    Eikeseth, S. (2009) Outcome of comprehensive psycho-educational interventions for young children with autism. Research into Developmental Disabilities, 30(1): 158–78.
    Eldevik, S., Hastings, R.P., Hughes, J.C., Jahr, E., Eikeseth, S. and Cross, S. (2009) Meta-analysis of early intensive behavioral intervention for children with autism. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38(3): 439–50.
    Elliott, S.N., Kratochwill, T.R. and Cook, J.L. (2000) Educational Psychology: Effective Teaching, Effective Learning (
    3rd edition
    ). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
    Ellis, A. (1961) A Guide to Rational Living. Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Ellis, A. (1962) Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stewart.
    Ellis, A. and Harper, R.A. (1975) A New Guide to Rational Living. Hollywood, CA: Wiltshire.
    Ellis, A. and Tafrate, R.C. (1999) How to Control your Anger – Before it Controls You. London: Robert Hale.
    Erikson, E.H. (1963/1995) Childhood and Society (
    2nd edition
    ). London: Vintage.
    Ertesvåg, S.K. and Vaaland, G.S. (2007) Prevention and reduction of behavioural problems in school: an evaluation of the ‘Respect’ programme. Educational Psychology, 27(6): 713–36.
    Eysenck, H.J. (2000) Intelligence: A New Look. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
    Eysenck, H.J. and Kamin, L. (1981) Intelligence: The Battle for the Mind – H.J. Eysenck versus Leon Kamin. London: Pan.
    Eysenck, M.W. and Keane, M.T. (2010) Cognitive Psychology: A Student's Handbook. Hove: Psychology Press.
    Farrington, D.P. and Ttofi, M.M. (2010) School-Based Programs to Reduce Bullying and Victimization. Oslo: Campbell Systematic Reviews.
    Fechner, G. (1860/1966) Elements of Psychophysics. Transl. H.Adler. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    Felder, R.M. and Soloman, B.A. (2000) Learning Styles and Strategies. Available at http://www2.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSdir/styles.htm.
    Fenton, A. and Krahn, T. (2007) Autism, neurodiversity and equality beyond the normal. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 2(2): 1–6.
    Filipek, P.A., Accardo, P.J. and Baranek, G.T. (1999) The screening and diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(6): 439–84.
    Fleming, N. (2004) Mobile firms in talks to curb the text bullies. Daily Telegraph, July 17.
    Flouri, E. (2006) Parental interest in children's education, children's self-esteem and locus of control, and later educational attainment: Twenty-six year follow-up of the 1970 British Birth Cohort. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76(1): 41–55.
    Fogel, A. and Melson, G.F. (1988) Child Development: Individual, Family and Society. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.
    Forrest, D.W. (1974) Francis Galton: The Life and Work of a Victorian Genius. London: Elek.
    ForthmanD.L. and Ogden, J.J. (1992) The role of applied behavior analysis in zoo management: Today and tomorrow. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, 25(3): 647–52.
    Fox, D.K., Hopkins, B.L. and Anger, W.K. (1987) The long-term effects of a token economy on safety performance in open-pit mining. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, 20(3): 215–24.
    Frank, G. (1983) The Wechsler Enterprise: An Assessment of the Development, Structure, and Use of the Wechsler Tests of Intelligence. Oxford: Pergamon.
    Frankl, V.E. (1959/1985) Man's Search for Meaning. New York: Washington Square Press.
    Freud, S. (1900) The interpretation of dreams. In the Penguin Freud Library, Vol. 3 (ed. and transl. J.Strachey) Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Freud, S. (1908) On the sexual theories of children. In The Penguin Freud Library, Vol. 7 (ed. and transl. J.Strachey) Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Freud, S. (1909) Analysis of a phobia in a five-year-old-boy. In The Penguin Freud Library, Vol. 8 (ed. and transl. J.Strachey). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Freud, S. (1940) An outline of psychoanalysis. In The Penguin Freud Library, Vol. 15 (ed. and transl. J.Strachey). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Furedi, F. (2004) Therapy Culture: Cultivating Vulnerability in an Uncertain Age. London: Routledge.
    Gaarder, J. (1991/2000) Sophie's World. London: Phoenix.
    Galton, F. (1869/1950) Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into its Laws and Consequences. London: Macmillan.
    Galton, F. (1883/1973) Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development. London: Macmillan.
    Gardener, H., Spiegelman, D. and Buka, S.L. (2009) Prenatal risk factors for autism: comprehensive meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 195: 7–14.
    Gardner, H. (1999) Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the Twenty-First Century. New York: Basic Books.
    Gardner, H. (2011) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (
    3rd edition
    ). London: Heinemann.
    Garnham, E. (2008) Teenage boy guilty of goth murder. Daily Express, March 27.
    Gathercole, S.E. and Alloway, T.P. (2009) Working Memory and Learning: A Practical Guide for Teachers. London: Sage.
    Geake, J.J. (2005) The neurological basis of intelligence: A contrast with ‘brain-based’ education. Available at http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/156074.htm.
    Gendron, B.P., Williams, K.R. and Guerra, N.G. (2011) An analysis of bullying among students within schools: Estimating the effects of individual normative beliefs, self-esteem and school climate. Journal of School Violence, 10(2): 150–64.
    Geschwind, D.H. (2009) Advances in autism. Annual Review of Medicine, 60: 367–80.
    Gillborn, D. (2008) Racism and Education: Coincidence or Conspiracy?London: Routledge.
    Gleitman, H. (2010) Psychology (
    8th edition
    ). London: Norton.
    Goffman, E. (1961/1975) Asylums: Essays on the social situation of mental patients and other inmates. Harmondsworth: Pelican.
    Goldberg, H. (1980) The New Male: From Macho to Sensitive but Still All Male. New York: Signet.
    Goldman, L.S., Genel, M., Bezman, R.J. and Slanetz, P.J. (1998) Diagnosis and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279: 1100–7.
    Goleman, D. (1998) Working with Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.
    Gould, S.J. (1997) The Mismeasure of Man (
    revised edition
    ). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Government of Ireland (2010) Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred Act (1989). In the Irish Statute Book. Dublin: Office of the Attorney General.
    Green, A. (2003) Ageless, guiltless. The New Yorker, October 13.
    Gross, R.D. (2010) Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour (
    6th revised edition
    ). London: Hodder Education.
    Gyatso, T. (1990) Freedom in Exile: The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama. London: Little, Brown.
    Haney, C. and Zimbardo, P.G. (1977) The socialization into criminality: on becoming a prisoner and a guard. In J.L.Tapp and F.L.Levine (eds), Law, Justice and the Individual in Society: Psychological and Legal Issues, 198–223. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
    Haralambos, M. (1989) Sociology: Themes and Perspectives. London: Unwin Hyman.
    Harry S. Truman Library and Museum (2011) The ‘Buck Stops Here’ Desk Sign. Available at http://www.trumanlibrary.org/buckstop.htm.
    Harter, S. (1987) The determinants and mediational role of global self-worth in children. In N.Eisenberg (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Developmental Psychology. New York: Wiley.
    Hartmann, T. (1995) ADD Success Stories. Grass Valley, CA: Underwood.
    Hartmann, T. (2003) The Edison Gene: ADHD and the Gift of the Hunter Child. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press.
    Hartney, E. (2008) Stress Management for Teachers. London: Continuum.
    Heidegger, M. (1927/1962) Being and Time. Transl. J.Macquarrie and E.Robinson. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Helt, M., Kelley, E. and KinsbourneM. (2008) Can children with autism recover? If so, how?Neuropsychology Review, 18(4): 339–66.
    Herrnstein, R.J. and Murray, C. (1996) The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. London: Simon & Schuster.
    Hill, J. P. and Lynch, M.E. (1983) The intensification of gender-related role expectations during early adolescence. In J.Brooks-Gunn and A.C.Petersen (eds), Girls at Puberty: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives. New York: Plenum.
    Hinton, J.W. (2001) Physiological responses to stress. Invited presentation to the Health and Safety Executive Research Workshop, Manchester, UK, July 3–4.
    Hinton, J.W. and Burton, R.F. (1992) Clarification of the concept of psychological stress – ‘psystress’. International Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine, 39: 42–3.
    Hinton, J.W. and Burton, R.F. (1997) A psychophysiological model of psystress causation and response applied to the workplace. Journal of Psychophysiology, 11: 200–17.
    Hinton, J.W. and Burton, R.F. (2001a) Perceived mental coping incapacity as a central factor causing psychological stress. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society Centenary Conference, Glasgow, UK, pp. 199–200.
    Hinton, J.W. and Burton, R.F. (2001b) Purported salivary indicators of psychological stress: Need for cross-validation. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Scientific Meeting of the British Psychophysiology Society, Aston University, Birmingham, UK, September 17–29.
    Holmes, T.H. and Rahe, R.H. (1967) The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11(2): 213–18.
    Horn, J. L. and Cattell, R.B. (1966) Refinement and test of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 57 (5): 253–70.
    Howard-Jones, P.A. (2010) Introducing Neuroeducational Research: Neuroscience, Education and the Brain from Contexts to Practice. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Howard-Jones, P.A. (2011) From brain scan to lesson plan. The Psychologist, 24(2): 110–13.
    Howard-Jones, P.A., Franey, L., Mashmoushi, R. and Liao, Y.-C. (2009) The neuroscience literacy of trainee teachers. Presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Manchester, September 2–5.
    Howlin, P., Magiati, I. and Charman, T. (2009) Systematic review of early intensive behavioral interventions for children with autism. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114(1): 23–41.
    Hughes, T. (1857/1994) Tom Brown's Schooldays. London: Penguin.
    Hume, D. (1739/1967) A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Hume, D. (1751/1907) An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. In T.H.Green and T.H.Grose (eds), David Hume: Essays Moral, Political, and Literary. London: Longmans & Green.
    Hume, D. (1777/1975) An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Hyland, Á. (2000) (ed.). Multiple Intelligences: Curriculum and Assessment Project – Final Report. Cork: Multiple Intelligences, Curriculum and Assessment Project Document.
    Irish National Teachers’ Association (INTO) (1995) Meeting the Needs of Children with Social and Emotional Problems. Dublin: Irish National Teachers’ Association.
    Jadad, A., Booker, L., Gauld, M., Kakuma, R., Boyle, M., Cunningham, C.E., Kim, M. and Schachar, R. (1999) The treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: an annotated bibliography and critical appraisal of published systematic reviews and metaanalyses. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 44(10): 1025–35.
    James, W. (1890/1983) The Principles of Psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Jensen, A.R. (1969) How much can we boost IQ and scholastic achievement?Harvard Educational Review, 39(1): 1–123.
    Jensen, A.R. (1980) Bias in Mental Testing. London: Methuen.
    Jensen, A.R. (1981) Straight Talk about Mental Tests. New York: Free Press.
    Jensen, A.R. (1998) The g Factor: The Science of Mental Ability. Westport, CT: Praeger.
    Johnson, D. and Johnson, R. (1975) Learning Together and Alone: Co-Operation, Competition and Individualisation. Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Johnson, D. and Johnson, R. (1989) Leading the Co-Operative School. Edin, MN: Interaction.
    Johnson, D. and Johnson, R. (1994) Learning Together and Alone: Co-Operative, Competitive and Individualistic Learning. Needham Heights, MA: Prentice-Hall.
    Johnson, D., Johnson, R. and Holubec, E. (1988) Advanced Co-Operative Learning. Edin, MN: Interaction.
    Johnson-Laird, P.N. (1980) Mental models in cognitive science. Cognitive Science, 4(1): 71–115.
    Joliffe, W. (2007) Co-Operative Learning in the Classroom: Putting it into Practice. London: Sage.
    Jung, C.G. (1921) Psychological Types. Vol. 3 of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung (H.Read, M.Fordham, G.Adler and W.McGuire, eds). London: Routledge.
    Kaltiala-Heino, R. (1999) Bullying, depression, and suicidal ideation in Finnish adolescents: School survey. British Medical Journal, 319: 348–513.
    Kanner, L. (1943) Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Disorders of Childhood, 2: 217–50.
    Kaplan, R.M. and Saccuzzo, D.P. (2008) Psychological Testing: Principles, Applications, and Issues (
    7th edition
    ). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    Kendall, T., Taylor, E. and Perez, A. (2008) Diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, young people, and adults: Summary of NICE guidance. British Medical Journal, 337: 1239.
    Kohlberg, L. (1969) Stage and sequence: The cognitive-developmental approach to socialization. In D.A.Goslin (ed.), Handbook of Socialization Theory and Research. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.
    Kremer, J., Barry, R. and McNally, A. (1986) The misdirected letter and the quasi-questionnaire: Unobtrusive measures of prejudice in Northern Ireland. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16: 303–9.
    Kuhn, T. (1962) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
    Kumpulainen, K., Räsänen, E. and Puura, K. (2001) Psychiatric disorders and the use of mental health services among children involved in bullying. Aggressive Behaviour, 27(2): 102–10.
    Kutob, R.M., Senf, J.H., Crago, M. and Shisslak, C.M. (2010) Concurrent and longitudinal predictors of self-esteem in elementary and middle school girls. Journal of School Health, 80(5): 240–8.
    Labouvie-Vief, G. (1982) Dynamic development and mature autonomy: A theoretical prologue. Human Development, 25: 161–91.
    Lakoff, G. (1987) Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
    Landerl, K., Bevan, A. and Butterworth, B. (2004) Developmental dyscalculia and basic numerical capacities: A study of 8–9-year-old students. Cognition, 93(2): 99–125.
    LaPiere, R.T. (1934) Attitudes vs. Actions. Social Forces, 13(2): 230–7.
    Latané, B. (1981) The psychology of social impact. American Psychologist, 36: 343–56.
    Lawrence, D. (2006) Enhancing Self-Esteem in the Classroom (
    3rd edition
    ). London: Sage.
    Lazarus, R.S. (1966) Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Lazear, D. (2005) Higher-Order Thinking the Multiple Intelligences Way. Bethel, CT: Crown House.
    Levi, P. (1996) If This is a Man and The Truce. Transl. S.Woolf. London: Vintage.
    Lewis, M. and Brooks-Gunn, J. (1979) Toward a theory of social cognition. The development of self. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 4: 1–20.
    Li, Q. (2006) Cyberbullying in schools: A research of gender differences. School Psychology International, 27: 157–70.
    Liggett, L.A., Blair, C. and Kennison, S.M. (2010) Measuring gender differences in attitudes using the lost-letter technique. Journal of Scientific Psychology, September: 16–24.
    Locke, E.A. (2005) Why emotional intelligence is an invalid concept. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26: 425–31.
    Locke, J. (1689/1997) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Lorenz, K.Z. (1953) King Solomon's Ring. London: Methuen.
    Lorenz, K.Z. (1966) On Aggression. Transl. M.Latzke. London: Methuen.
    Luo, D., Thompson, L.A. and Detterman, D. (2003) The causal factor underlying the correlation between psychometric g and scholastic performance. Intelligence, 31: 67–83.
    Lynch, M.E. (1991) Gender intensification. In R.M.Lerner, A.C.Petersen and J.Brooks-Gunn (eds), Encyclopedia of Adolescence (Vol. 1). New York: Garland.
    Lynn, R. and Mikk, J. (2007) National differences in intelligence and educational attainment. Intelligence, 35: 115–21.
    Lyons, V. and Fitzgerald, M. (2007) Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981): The two pioneers of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(10): 2022–3.
    Mackintosh, N.J. (1995) Cyril Burt: Fraud or Framed?Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Maio, G.R. and Haddock, G. (2009) The Psychology of Attitudes and Attitude Change. London: Sage.
    Marr, N. and Field, T. (2001) Bullycide: Death at Playtime. Oxon: Success Unlimited.
    Maslow, A.H. (1954) Motivation and Personality. London: Harper and Row.
    Maslow, A.H. (1968) Toward a Psychology of Being (
    2nd edition
    ). Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.
    May, M. and Doob, L. (1937) Co-Operation and Competition. New York: Social Sciences Research Council.
    Mayock, P., Bryan, A., Carr, N. and Kitching, K. (2009) Supporting LGBT Lives: A Study of the Mental Health and Well-being of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People. Dublin: GLEN and BeLonG To.
    Mellor, A. (1990) Spotlight 23: Bullying in Scottish Secondary Schools. Edinburgh: Scottish Council for Research in Education.
    Mellor, A. (1999) Scotland. In P.K.Smith, Y.Morita, J.Junger-Tas, D.Olweus, R.Catalano, and P.Slee (eds), The Nature of School Bullying: A Cross-National Perspective. London: Routledge.
    Mellor, D., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., McCabe, M.P. and Ricciardelli, L.A. (2010) Body image and self-esteem across age and gender: A short-term longitudinal study. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 63(9): 672–81.
    Mensa International (2010) About Mensa International: How do I qualify for Mensa? Available at http://www.mensa.org/about-us#qualify.
    Milgram, S. (1965) Some conditions of obedience and disobedience to authority. Human Relations, 18: 56–76.
    Milgram, S. (1974) Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View. NY: Harper Collins.
    Milgram, S., Mann, L. and Harter, S. (1965) The lost-letter technique: A tool of social research. Public Opinion Quarterly, 29(3): 437–8.
    Mindell, A. (1995) Sitting in the Fire: Large Group Transformations Using Conflict and Diversity. Portland, OR: Lao Tse Press.
    Minton, S.J. (1995) An investigation into the potential uses of ionic concentration in parotid saliva as a physical correlate of psychological stress. Unpublished B.Sc. (Hons). undergraduate thesis, University of Glasgow.
    Minton, S.J. (2001) Pathways through Education 2000–2001: End of Year Report. Dublin Institute of Technology/‘Pathways through Education’ project document.
    Minton, S.J. (2008a) Conducting anti-bullying awareness work with school students: an example of applying philosophical ideas in the classroom. Practical Philosophy, 9(1): 17–22.
    Minton, S.J. (2008b) Cyber-bullying amongst young people in Ireland. Child Links, 1: 19–22.
    Minton, S.J. (2010a) Parents and schools must unite to defeat the bullies. Irish Independent, ‘Opinion’, Monday 30 August, 2010.
    Minton, S.J. (2010b) Students experiences of aggressive behaviour and bully/victim problems in Irish schools. Irish Educational Studies, 29(2): 131–52.
    Minton, S.J. (2011) <illegible>. [Supporting School Psychologists to Work with Vulnerable Students.]Skopje: Macedonian Civic Education Centre.
    Minton, S.J. (Submitted). Alterophobic bullying and pro-conformist aggression in a survey of upper secondary school students in Ireland.
    Minton, S.J. and O'Moore, A.M. (2008) The effectiveness of a nationwide intervention programme to prevent and counter school bullying in Ireland. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 8(1): 1–12.
    Minton, S.J., Dahl, T., O'Moore, A.M. and Tuck, D. (2008) An exploratory survey of the experiences of homophobic bullying amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered young people in Ireland. Irish Education Studies, 27(2): 177–191.
    Montagu, A. (ed.) (1975/2002) Race and IQ.
    Expanded edn
    . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Montanye, T., Mulberry, R. F. and Hardy, K. R. (1971) Assessing prejudice toward negroes at three universities using the lost-letter technique. Psychological Reports, 29: 531–7.
    Mosley, J. (1996) Quality Circle Time in the Primary Classroom: Your Essential Guide to Enhancing Self-Esteem, Self-Discipline and Positive Relationships. Wisbech: LDA.
    Mosley, J. (1999) Quality Circle Time in the Secondary School: A Handbook of Good Practice. London: Fulton.
    Mosley, J. (2006) Helping Children Deal with Bullying. Cambridge: LDA.
    Mosley, J. (2007) Helping Children Deal with Conflict. Cambridge: LDA.
    Newschaffer, C.J., Croen, L.A. and Daniels, J. (2007) The epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders. Annual Review of Public Health, 28: 235–58.
    Noonan, P. (1994) Travelling People in West Belfast. London: Save the Children.
    Norman, J., Galvin, M. and McNamara, G. (2006) Straight Talk: Researching Gay and Lesbian Issues in the School Curriculum. Dublin: Department of Education and Science Gender Equality Unit.
    Northern Ireland Anti-Bullying Forum (2011) Available at http://www.niabf.org.uk.
    O'Connell, J. (1989) Dublin Travellers’ Education and Development Group (DTEDG):Briefing Document on Irish Travellers. Dublin: DTEDG.
    O'Higgins-Norman, J., Goldrick, M. and Harrison, K. (2010) Addressing Homophobic Bullying in Second-Level Schools. Dublin: The Equality Authority.
    O'Moore, A.M. (1996) Anti-Bullying Centre: Research and Resource Unit. Dublin: Trinity College, Teacher Education Department.
    O'Moore, A.M. (1997) Foreword: Bullying behaviour in schools. Irish Journal of Psychology, 18(2): 135–7.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Kirkham, C. (2001) Self-esteem and its relationship to bullying behaviour. Aggressive Behaviour, 27, 269–83.
    O'Moore, A.M., Kirkham, C. and Smith, M. (1997) Bullying behaviour in Irish schools: A nationwide study. Irish Journal of Psychology, 18(2): 141–69.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2002) Tackling Violence in Schools in Norway: An Evaluation of the ‘Broad Approach’. Available at http://www.gold.ac.uk/connect.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2004) Dealing with Bullying in Schools: A Training Manual for Teachers, Parents and Other Professionals. London: Sage.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2005) An evaluation of the effectiveness of an anti-bullying programme in primary schools. Aggressive Behaviour, 31(6): 609–22.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2006) Protecting children: Making the school environment safe. In C.Gittins (ed.), Violence Reduction in Schools: How to Make a Difference. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.
    O'Moore, A.M. and Minton, S.J. (2011) Cyber-Bullying: The Irish Experience. Hauppage, NY: Nova Science.
    Olweus, D. (1973) Hackkycklingar och översittare: Forskning om skol-mobbning. [Bullies and whipping-boys: Research on School Bullying]. Kungälv, Sweden: Almqvist & Wiksell.
    Olweus, D. (1978) Aggression in the Schools. Bullies and Whipping Boys. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
    Olweus, D. (1993) Bullying: What we Know and What we Can Do. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Olweus, D. (1999) Sweden, Norway. In the Nature of School Bullying: A Cross-National Perspective, P.K.Smith, Y.Morita, J.Junger-Tas, D.Olweus, R.F.Catalano and P.Sleez (eds), 28–48. London: Routledge.
    Olweus, D. (2004) The Olweus Bullying Prevention Programme: design and implementation issues and a new national initiative in Norway. In P.K.Smith, D.Pepler and K.Rigby (eds), Bullying in Schools: How Successful Can Interventions Be?Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Ortega, F. (2009) The cerebral subject and the challenge of neurodiversity. BioSocieties, 4: 425–45.
    Oswald, D.P. and Sonenklar, N.A. (2007) Medication use among children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 17(3): 348–55.
    Ozonoff, S., Heung, K., Byrd, R., Hansen, R. and Hertz-Picciotto, I. (2008) The onset of autism: Patterns of symptom emergence in the first years of life. Autism Research, 1(6): 320–8.
    Peaceful Schools International (2011) Conflict Resolution in Schools: Every Child Should Feel Respected. Available at http://www.peacefulschoolsinternational.org.
    Perry, W.G. (1981) Cognitive and ethical growth: The making of meaning. In A.W.Chickering (ed.), The Modern American College: Responding to the New Realities of Diverse Students and a Changing Society. San Fransisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    Petrides, K.V. and Furnham, A. (2001) Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric investigation with reference to established trait taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15: 425–48.
    Petrides, K.V., Pita, R. and Kokkinaki, F. (2007) The location of trait emotional intelligence in personality factor space. British Journal of Psychology, 98: 273–89.
    Phares, E.J. and Chaplin, W.F. (1997) Introduction to Personality (
    4th edition
    ). Harlow: Longman.
    Piaget, J. (1932/1965) The Moral Judgement of the Child. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
    Piaget, J. (1953) The Origins of Intelligence in Children. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Piaget, J. and Inhelder, B. (1956) The Child's Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Polanczyk, G., de Lima, M.S., Horta, B.L., Biederman, J. and Rohde, L.A. (2007) The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: A systematic review and metaregression analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164: 942–8.
    Popkin, R.H. (ed.) (1999a) The Pimlico History of Western Philosophy. London: Pimlico.
    Popkin, R.H. (1999b) David Hume. In R.H.Popkin (ed.), The Pimlico History of Western Philosophy. London: Pimlico.
    Popper, K. (1959) The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Routledge.
    Ramirez, A. (2006) Despite illness and lawsuits, a famous psychotherapist is temporarily back in session. New York Times, December 10.
    Ramirez, E., Maldonado, A. and Martos, R. (1992) Attribution modulate immunization against learned helplessness in humans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 139–46.
    Reber, A.S. (1995) The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology (
    2nd edition
    ). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Reber, A.S., Allen, R. and Reber, E.S. (2009) The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology (
    4th revised edition
    ). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Riegel, R. (2007) Diary that broke the silence of torment of a suicide teen. Irish Independent, December 16.
    Rigby, K. and Slee, P.T. (1999) Australia. In The Nature of School Bullying: A Cross-National Perspective, P.K.Smith, Y.Morita, J.Junger-Tas, D.Olweus, R.F.Catalano and P.Slee (eds), 324–39. London: Routledge.
    Rigby, K., Smith, P.K. and Pepler, D. (2004) Working to prevent bullying: key issues. In Bullying in Schools: How Successful Can Interventions Be?P.K.Smith, D.Pepler and K.Rigby (eds), 1–12. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Ristelä, P. (2003) Ryhmätyö: mukavaa yhdessäoloa vai työskentelyä? [Teamwork: effective activity or just having a nice time together?] Jyväskylä, Finland: Koulutuksen tutkimuslaitos.
    Roberts, R.D., Zeidner, M. and Matthews, G. (2001) Does emotional intelligence meet traditional standards for an intelligence? Some new data and conclusions. Emotion, 1: 196–231.
    Robinson, G. and Maines, B. (1997) Crying for Help: The No Blame Approach to Bullying. Bristol: Lucky Duck.
    Rogers, B. (2007) Behaviour Management: A Whole-School Approach. London: Sage.
    Rogers, B. (2011) Classroom Behaviour: A Practical Guide to Effective Teaching, Behaviour Management and Colleague Support (
    3rd edition
    ). London: Sage.
    Rogers, C.R. (1951) Client-Centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. London: Constable.
    Rogers, C.R. (1967) On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy. London: Constable.
    Rogers, G.A.J. (1999) John Locke. In R.H.Popkin (ed.), The Pimlico History of Western Philosophy. London: Pimlico.
    Rogers, S.J. and Vismara, L.A. (2008) Evidence-based comprehensive treatments for early autism. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37(1): 8–38.
    Rohrer, F. (2008) The path from cinema to playground. BBC New Magazine, September 22nd. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7629376.stm.
    Roland, E. (1989) Bullying: The Scandinavian research tradition. In D.P.Tattum and D.Lane (eds), Bullying in Schools. Stoke-on-Trent, England: Trentham Books.
    Roland, E. (1993) Bullying: A developing tradition of research and management. In D.P.Tattum (ed.), Understanding and Managing Bullying. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Books.
    Roland, E. (2000) Bullying in school: Three national innovations in Norwegian schools in 15 years. Aggressive Behaviour, 26(1): 135–43.
    Roland, E. and Auestad, G. (2009) Seksuell orienteering og mobbing. Universitetet i Stavanger: Senter for atferdsforskning. [Sexual orientation and bullying. University of Stavanger: Centre for Behavioural Research.]
    Roland, E., Bjørnsen, G. and Mandt, G. (2003) ‘Taking back adult control’: A report from Norway. In P.K.Smith (ed.), Violence in Schools: The Response in Europe. London: Routledge-Falmer.
    Roland, E., Bru, E., Midthassel, U.V. and Vaaland, G.S. (2010) The Zero programme against bullying: Effects of the programme in the context of the Norwegian manifesto against bullying. Social Psychology of Education, 13: 41–55.
    Roland, E. and Munthe, E. (1997) The 1996 Norwegian programme for preventing and managing bullying in schools. Irish Journal of Psychology, 18(2): 233–47.
    Rosenthal, R. and Jacobsen, L. (1968) Pygmalion in the Classroom. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    Rushton, J.P. and Jensen, A.R. (2005) Thirty years of research on race differences in cognitive ability. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 11(2): 235–94.
    Russell, B. (1946/1995) History of Western Philosophy and its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. London: Routledge.
    Ruth, S. (2006) Leadership and Liberation: A Psychological Approach. New York: Routledge.
    Rutter, M. (1976) Isle of Wight studies 1964–1974. Psychological Medicine, 6(2): 313–32.
    SAF (Senter for atferdsforskning) [Centre for Behavioural Research] (2004) Connect Oslo: A Broad Approach. Information for Researchers, Politicians and School Staff (English Language Version). Stavanger: Senter for Atferdsforskning, Høgskolen i Stavanger.
    Salmivalli, C., Kärnä, A. and Poskiparta, E. (2010a) KiVa – A Finnish innovation to tackle bullying. In K.Österman (ed.), Indirect and Direct Aggression, 171–83. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
    Salmivalli, C., Kärnä, A. and Poskiparta, E. (2010b) Development, evaluation, and diffusion of a national anti-bullying program, KiVa. In B.Doll, W.Pfohl and J.Yoon (eds), Handbook of Youth Prevention Science, 238–52). New York: Routledge.
    Santrock, J.W. (1996) Adolescence: An Introduction (
    6th edition
    ). Dubuque, IA: Brown & Benchmark.
    Satir, V. (1983) Conjoint Family Therapy (
    3rd edition
    ). Palo Alto CA: Science and Behaviour Books.
    Schulte, M.J., Ree, M.J. and Carretta, T.R. (2004) Emotional intelligence: Not much more than g and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 37: 1059–68.
    Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) (2008) Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Bill summary. Available at http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/business/bills/11-educationAdditional/11-AdditionalSupportforLearningScotlandBillsummary.pdf.
    Sears, R. (1986) Catherine Cox Milles: 1890–1984. American Journal of Psychology, 99(3): 431–3.
    Seligman, M.E.P. (1975) Helplessness: On Depression, Development, and Death. San Francisco, CA: Freeman.
    Seligman, M.E.P. and Maier, S.F. (1967) Failure to escape traumatic shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(1): 1–9.
    Selye, H. (1956) The Stress of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Selye, H. (1975) Confusion and controversy in the stress field. Journal of Human Stress, 1: 37–44.
    Sherif, M. (1967) Group Conflict and Co-Operation: Their Social Psychology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Sherif, M., Harvey, O.J., White, B.J., Hood, W.R. and Sherif, C.W. (1954) Experimental Study of Positive and Negative Intergroup Attitudes between Experimentally Produced Groups: Robbers’ Cave Study. Norman, OK: Univ. of Oklahoma, 1954.
    Skinner, B.F. (1938) The Behavior of Organisms: An Experimental Analysis. Cambridge, MA: B.F. Skinner Foundation.
    Skinner, B.F. (1968) The Technology of Teaching. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
    Skinner, B.F. (1972) Beyond Freedom and Dignity. New York: Vintage.
    Smith, P.K. (1997) Bullying in schools: The UK experience and the Sheffield Anti-Bullying project. Irish Journal of Psychology, 18(2): 191–201.
    Smith, P.K. (ed.) (2003) Violence in Schools: The Response in Europe. London: Routledge-Falmer.
    Smith, P.K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M. and Tippett, N. (2006) An investigation into cyberbullying, its forms, awareness and impact, and the relationship between age and gender in cyberbullying. Research Brief No. RBX03-06. London: Department for Education and Skills.
    Smith, P.K., Morita, Y., Junger-Tas, J., Olweus, D., Catalano, R.F. and SleeP. (eds) (1999) The Nature of School Bullying: A Cross-National Perspective. London: Routledge.
    Smith, P.K., Pepler, D. and Rigby, K. (2004) Bullying in Schools: How Effective Can Interventions Be?Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Smits-Engelsman, B.C.M. and Van Galen, G.P. (1997) Dysgraphia in children: Lasting psychomotor deficiency or transient developmental delay?Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 67: 164–84.
    Snowman, J., McCown, R. and Biehler, R. (2009) Psychology Applied to Teaching (
    12th edition
    ). Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.
    Soløy, M. (1998) Gran skole fant medisin mot hverdagsvold. [Gran school has found the antidote to daily violence.] Aftenposten, Friday 27 November.
    Sophie Lancaster Foundation (2011) Available at http://www.sophielancasterfoundation.com.
    Southall, A. (2007) The Other Side of ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Exposed and Explained. Abingdon: Radcliffe.
    Spiel, C., Reimann, R., Wagner, P. and Schober, B. (2008) Guest editorial: Bildung-Psychology: The substance and structure of an emerging discipline. Applied Developmental Science, 12(3): 154–9.
    Stein, J. (2001) The magnocellular theory of developmental dyslexia. Dyslexia, 7: 12–36.
    Stipek, D.E.P. (1988) Motivation to Learn. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
    Szasz, T.S. (1978) The Myth of Psychotherapy: Mental Healing as Religion, Rhetoric, and Repression. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
    Tavris, C. (1992) The Mismeasure of Woman: Why Women are not the Better Sex, the Inferior Sex or the Opposite Sex. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Teach Today (2011) Available at http://www.teachtoday.eu.
    TES Connect (2011) Special Needs Teaching Resources. Available at http://www.tes.co.uk/sen-teaching-resources.
    Thomas, G. and Loxley, A. (2007) Deconstructing Special Education and Constructing Inclusion. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Thurstone, L.L. (1938) Primary mental abilities. Psychometric Monographs, 1.
    Toppo, G. (2006) High-tech bullying may be on the rise. USA Today, April 12.
    Trawick-Smith, J. (2010) Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural Perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.
    Turing, A.M. (1950) Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind, 59: 433–60.
    Uhleman, J. (ed.) (2000) Youthstart Prevent: The Report of the Transnational Project. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.
    van den Berg, P.A., Mond, J., Eisenberg, M., Ackard, D. and Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2010) The link between body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in adolescents: Similarities across gender, age, weight status, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47(3): 290–6.
    van Deurzen-Smith, E. (1988) Existential Counselling in Practise. London: Sage.
    van Whye, J. (2011) The History of Phrenology on the Web. Available at http://www.historyofphrenology.org.uk.
    Vandebosch, H., Van Cleemput, K., Mortelmans, D. and Walrave, M. (2006) Cyberpesten bij jongeren in Vlaanderen. [Cyberbullying amongst youngsters in Flanders]. Brussels: viWTA.
    Vander Zanden, J. (1989) Human Development. New York: Knopf.
    Vanslyke-Briggs, K. (2010) The Nurturing Teacher: Managing the Stress of Caring. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.
    Vettenburg, N. (1999) Violence in Schools: Awareness-raising, Prevention, Penalties: General Report. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.
    VISTA (Violence in Schools Training Action) (2006) Available at http://www.vista-europe.org.
    Wainwright, M. (2008) Woman dies after drunken gang attacked couple dressed as goths. Guardian, March 13.
    Walton, G. and Niblett, B. (2011) Investigating the problem of bullying through photo elicitation. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting: ‘Inciting the Social Imagination: Education Research for the Public Good’, New Orleans, LA, April 8–12.
    Wang, L-Y., Kick, E., Fraser, J. and Burns, T.J. (1999) Status attainment in America: The roles of locus of control and self-esteem in educational and occupational roles. Sociological Spectrum, 19: 281–98.
    Warwick, I., Aggleton, P. and Douglas, N. (2001) Playing it safe: Addressing emotional and physical health of lesbian and gay pupils in the UK. Journal of Adolescence, 24: 129–40.
    Waters, J. (2000) ‘Big Mac feminism’ on the education menu. Irish Times ‘Education & Living’, October 24, pp. 8–9.
    Watkinson, D. (2009) Sophie Lancaster's mum set to win tougher sentences for hate crimes. Lancashire Telegraph, May 7.
    Watson, J.B. (1913) Psychology as the behaviourist views it. Psychological Review, 20: 158–77.
    Wechsler, D. (1939) The Measurement of Adult Intelligence. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Witkins.
    Woolfolk, A., Hughes, M. and Walkup, V. (2008) Psychology in Education. Harlow: Pearson Education.
    World Association of International Studies. (2011) Available at http://cgi.stanford.edu/group/wais/cgi-bin/?p=6082.
    World Health Organisation (2002) World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
    Wundt, W.M. (1874/1904) Principles of Physiological Psychology. New York: Macmillan.
    Ytre-Arne, E. and Dirdal, I. (2004) Zero i Irland [Zero in Ireland]. Monitor: Magasin for Høgskolen i Stavanger [Monitor: Magazine of Stavanger University College], No. 1, 2004.
    Zenderland, L. (2001) Measuring Minds: Henry Herbert Goddard and the Origins of American Intelligence Testing. Cambridge University Press.
    Zimbardo, P.G. (1992) Psychology and Life (
    13th edition
    ). New York: Harper Collins.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website