Understanding and Teaching Holocaust Education

Books

Paula Cowan & Henry Maitles

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    About the Authors

    Paula Cowan, PhD, is Senior Lecturer in Education at the University of the West of Scotland. She researches, publishes and teaches in the area of school-based Citizenship and Holocaust Education. She was commissioned by the Scottish Executive to write teaching resources for primary and secondary schools to accompany the introduction of a national Holocaust Memorial Day and is a founding trustee of the UK Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. She is a UK delegate on the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance and a member of the Holocaust Memorial Day (Scotland) Steering Group. In 2015 Paula was awarded an Outstanding Achievement Award for her work in Holocaust Education from the Children’s Identity and Citizenship Europe Association (CiCeA), a research association that focuses on Citizenship Education and identity formation in young people.

    Henry Maitles is Professor of Education and Assistant Dean in the School of Education at the University of the West of Scotland. He researches, publishes and teaches in the area of citizenship and values and in particular the impact of citizenship initiatives, such as the Holocaust, in schools. He was a member of the Scottish Executive Review Group, which drew up the proposals for Education for Citizenship which is a policy priority in all Scottish schools. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies and Citizenship Teaching and Learning. He is a former President of CiCeA and an Executive Member of Children’s Identity and Citizenship in Europe, an EU Jean Monnet-funded research network. The authors’ co-edited book, Teaching Controversial Issues in the Classroom, (Continuum, 2012) includes several chapters on teaching the Holocaust.

    Acknowledgments

    Holocaust Education has defined both our careers. Our professional interest in Holocaust Education began when we were teachers in the 1990s. At that time school-based Holocaust Education was in its infancy, and an insertion in the (Glasgow) Herald newspaper that Prime Minister Tony Blair was proposing a National Holocaust Memorial Day could easily be missed. Since then school-based Holocaust Education has developed in ways we could never have imagined.

    The first conference Paula attended as a junior lecturer in education was the Legacy of Holocaust Survivors’ conference at Yad Vashem in 2002 where the late Elie Wisel said, ‘Whoever listens to a witness, becomes a witness.’ This places a lot of responsibility on Holocaust educational researchers like ourselves, who have been privileged to meet Holocaust survivors and eyewitnesses. Their testimonies have informed our thinking of the Holocaust and of Holocaust Education. Hence, we express our gratitude to these individuals, some of whom have contributed to school-based Holocaust Education by regularly visiting schools and engaging with students and teachers and others who have spoken to us privately.

    We would like to convey our thanks to our colleagues at the University of the West of Scotland. We are grateful to them, wider colleagues and friends who have commented on draft chapters of this book and to the teachers and students who shared their insights with us in Chapters 7 and 8. Our most sincere thanks to the team at Sage Publications, particularly Robert Patterson and James Clark, for their helpful comments, consistent encouragement and patience.

    Our final special mention is to our families; their love and support are essential to our research, thinking and writing. Our partners, Stephen and Clare have consistently supported us. Holocaust Education is meaningless without the next generation, so thanks to Elliot, Naomi, Gemma, Laura and Hannah for making our work meaningful.

    Timeline of Holocaust Education

    1947

    The Diary of Anne Frank first published in the Netherlands Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial Museum (also known as the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum) created by the Polish Parliament

    1951

    Yom HaShoah designated by the Israeli Parliament

    1952

    Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl first published in English

    1961–62

    The trial of Adolf Eichmann

    1979

    Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial Museum becomes a UNESCO World Heritage Site

    1988

    March of the Living programme established

    1990

    The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) first condemns antisemitism; this includes Holocaust denial

    1992

    Art Spiegelman wins the Pulitzer Prize for the graphic novel Maus

    1993

    Film Schindler’s List released; International School for Holocaust Studies at Yad Vashem, Israel, established

    1998

    International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance established

    1999

    Lessons from Auschwitz programme established by the Holocaust Educational Trust

    2000

    Stockholm Declaration

    2001

    Holocaust Memorial Day introduced in the UK

    2005

    International Holocaust Remembrance Day designated by the United Nations General Assembly

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