Transnational Organized Crime
Publication Year: 2014
This unique text explores the expansive topic of transnational organized crime, incorporating expert perspectives found throughout the world’s six inhabited continents: North America, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Editors Jay S. Albanese and Philip L. Reichel gather the knowledge and expertise of numerous authors, researchers, and practitioners in this field who are either native to each world region, have extensively travelled and worked there, or are recognized scholars for those regions. Through this text, readers will begin to understand the geographic, cultural, and regional similarities and differences underlying the common threat of transnational organized crime, as well as how to address the global expansion of organized crime today.
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Transnational Organized Crime Networks Across the World
- Chapter 2: Transnational Organized Crime in North America
- Chapter 3: Transnational Organized Crime in Latin America
- Chapter 4: Transnational Organized Crime in Europe
- Chapter 5: Transnational Organized Crime in Africa
- Chapter 6: Transnational Organized Crime in Asia and the Middle East
- Chapter 7: Transnational Organized Crime in Oceania
- Chapter 8: Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime
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Printed in the United States of America
Transnational organized crime : an overview from six continents / [edited by] Jay S. Albanese, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA, Philip L. Reichel, University of Northern Colorado, USA.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. Transnational crime. 2. Organized crime. I. Albanese, Jay S. II. Reichel, Philip L.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
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About the Editors[Page 209]
Jay Albanese is Professor and Criminologist in the Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU). He was the first PhD graduate from the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University. He served as Chief of the International Center at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice for 4 years, while on loan from VCU. In this capacity, he was responsible for development of transnational crime and justice research projects and coordination with United Nations efforts in these areas. He has written and edited 15 books and 65 articles and book chapters and has made keynote and invited presentations in 15 countries. Recent books include Transnational Crime and the 21st Century (Oxford University Press, 2011), Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice: Being Ethical When No One Is Looking (Prentice Hall, 3rd ed., 2012), and Organized Crime in Our Times (Elsevier, 6th ed., 2011). He is recipient of the Elske Smith Distinguished Lecturer Award from VCU, the Scholar Award in Criminal Justice from the Virginia Social Science Association, and the Gerhard Mueller Award from the International Section of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He has served as Executive Director of the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime and president of the White Collar Crime Research Consortium. In addition, he is a past president and fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He is currently Chair of the American Society of Criminology’s Division of International Criminology.
Philip Reichel earned his PhD in sociology from Kansas State University and is currently Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Northern Colorado. He is the author of Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th ed., 2013); coauthor of Corrections (2013), and [Page 210]coeditor of Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities (2012). He has also authored or coauthored more than 30 articles, book chapters, and encyclopedia entries. He has lectured at universities in Austria, Germany, and Poland; has participated in a panel for the United Nations University; was a presenter for a United Nations crime prevention webinar; has presented papers at side events during the U.N. Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (Brazil) and the U.N. Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (Vienna); and was an invited speaker at Zhejiang Police College in Hangzhou, China. He was asked to provide a contribution for an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made a significant contribution to the discipline of criminal justice within a comparative/international context (Lessons From International Criminology/Comparative Criminology/Criminal Justice, 2004) and is an active member of the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, serving as a Trustee-at-large for the latter.
About the Contributors[Page 211]
Roderic Broadhurst is Chief Investigator, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS), College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University. He has extensive experience in criminal justice, as a practitioner and researcher. His research has included studies of lethal violence, victimization, and cybercrime and has involved longitudinal research applying risk analysis methodologies to problems of recidivism, persistent offending, sex offending, and dangerous offending. His current research focuses on crime and modernization in Cambodia and China, monitoring serious crime in cyberspace and organized crime. He is Associate Fellow of the Australian Instituteof Criminology and was formerly Associate Professor, the University of Hong Kong, and Head of the School of Justice, Queensland Universityof Technology. He was also the foundation editor of the Asian Journal of Criminology (2005). Recent publications include Business and the Risk of Crime in China: The 2005–2006 International Crimes Against Business Survey 2005-2006 (ANU E-Press 2011).
James O. Finckenauer earned his PhD from New York University and is Professor Emeritus and Professorial Fellow, Rutgers University (New Jersey). His research and teaching interests include international and comparative criminal justice, transnational organized crime, and criminal and juvenile justice policy, planning, and evaluation. He has authored, coauthored, or coedited 10 books, as well as numerous articles, chapters, and reports. From 1998 to 2002, he was director of the International Center at the National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice, and in 2007 he was a Fulbright Senior Specialist in Hong Kong. He continues to serve Rutgers as a member of the Core Faculty of the Division of Global Affairs and is currently a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Pennsylvania.
[Page 212]Mark Lauchs is Senior Lecturer at Queensland University of Technology in Australia. He is a former bureaucrat who moved to academia to research corruption and organized crime. His primary publications focus on the link between police corruption and organized crime.
Sally Lohrisch is a PhD Candidate at the Queensland University of Technology’s School of Justice. Her doctoral thesis is an exploration of the Australian government’s decision making in organized crime law and policy from 1975 until the present day. Prior to beginning her doctoral research, she worked as a lawyer in a commercial law firm and as a policy officer at the Queensland Department of the Premier and Cabinet. She is a member of the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime, and her research interests include Australasian organized crime activities, transnational crime, and organized crime law and policy.
Daniel J. Mabrey has his PhD in criminal justice from Sam Houston State University and currently serves as Executive Director of the Institute for the Study of Violent Groups and as an Assistant Dean in the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic Sciences at the University of New Haven. He is a coauthor of numerous articles and a book on homeland security. He also serves as an adviser and consultant to numerous private and government organizations.
Mary Fran T. Malone received her PhD from the University of Pittsburgh and currently serves as Associate Professor in the department of political science at the University of New Hampshire. Her research focuses on the rule of law, examining the impact of the current crime epidemic on citizens’ evaluations of their justice systems and support for the rule of law. Her most recent book, The Rule of Law in Central America (2012), examines how Central American countries abandoned civil war and dictatorship in favor of democracy in the 1990s and whether this step is threatened by the current crime crisis. She is currently working on a second monograph, Fighting Crime Without Undermining Democracy: Lessons From Latin America, which examines how some Latin American countries have successfully reformed their police and justice systems.
Christine B. Malone-Rowe received an MS in criminal justice atSt. Joseph’s University in Philadelphia in 2003. For more than a decade, she has used her expertise to work in various parts of the justice system in Philadelphia, ranging from pretrial detention to supervised release.
[Page 213]Gus Martin is Professor of Criminal Justice Administration at California State University, Dominguez Hills, where he has also served as Associate Vice President for Faculty Affairs and as chair of the Department of Public Administration and Public Policy. He began his academic career as a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, where he was an Administration of Justice professor. His current research and professional interests are terrorism and extremism, administration of justice, and juvenile justice. He is author and editor of several books on the subject of terrorism, including The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism (2012); Terrorism and Homeland Security (Sage, 2011); Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies (Sage, 2013); Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues (Sage, 2013); and The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings (Sage, 2004).
Mark Shaw holds a PhD from the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and currently is Director, Communities, Crime and Conflicts at STATT Consulting, Hong Kong. He previously worked at the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, including as Inter-regional Advisor, Chief of the Criminal Justice Reform Unit and with the Global Programme against Transnational Organised Crime, with extensive field work in fragile and postconflict states. He has held a number of other positions in government and civil society, including Director of Monitoring and Analysis in the South African Ministry for Safety and Security; Head of the Crime and Police Programme at Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria; Ford Foundation Senior Fellow on Justice in Transition at the South African Institute of International Affairs; U.S. Institute of Peace Researcher on local conflicts at the Centre for Policy Studies, Johannesburg; and as a violence monitor for the South African National Peace Secretariat during the transition to democracy.
Toine Spapens is Full Professor of criminology in the Department of Criminal Law at Tilburg University and Professor of environmental crime at the Police Academy of the Netherlands. He received his PhD in criminology in 2006. Since the early 1990s, Spapens has done extensive empirical research on (organized) crime and its containment and on international law enforcement cooperation. His studies include illegal firearms trafficking, ecstasy production, large-scale cannabis cultivation, illegal gambling, and environmental crime. More recently, his research also focuses on network theories in relation to organized crime and on the regulation of illegal markets.
[Page 214]Jan van Dijk has a degree in law from Leiden University (1970) and a PhD in criminology from the University of Nijmegen (1977). He currently holds the Pieter van Vollenhoven Chair in Victimology and Human Security at the International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT). He is a member of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) of the Council of Europe. In 1998, he joined the United Nations as officer in charge of the U.N. Centre for International Crime Prevention in Vienna. His latest monograph in English is The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Issues of Security, Justice and Development (Sage, 2008). In 2009, he received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology and in 2012 the Stockholm prize in criminology.
Klaus von Lampe is Associate Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York. He has previously been a researcher at Free University Berlin, Germany. He holds graduate degrees in law and political science from Free University Berlin and a doctoral degree in law/criminology from Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main, Germany. He teaches courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels in international criminal justice and criminology. He has studied various manifestations of organized crime, including cigarette smuggling, drug trafficking, and underworld power structures, as well as strategic crime analysis. He is the editor in chief of the journal Trends in Organized Crime and a member of the editorial boards of the journal Crime, Law and Social Change and of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium book series. He is also the President of the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime (IASOC) for 2012–2013.
Richard H. Ward is currently Associate Vice President for Research at the University of New Haven where he also served as Dean of the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic Sciences. He holds his doctorate in criminology from the University of California at Berkeley and has held senior administrative positions at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and Sam Houston State University. His primary areas of academic specialization focus on international crime and criminal investigation, and he has served as a lecturer or consultant in more than 50 countries in a career spanning more than 40 years.[Page 215][Page 216][Page 217][Page 218]