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Chapter 4: Atypical Development of Gender Identity and Gender Role
As a result of hundreds of developmental psychology studies, our understanding of the process of typical gender development has increased considerably over the past 3 decades. When it comes to deviations from the typical route, however, much remains enigmatic. Empirical work in this field is much more limited, due to the rarity of the various conditions and because, for ethical reasons, certain types of studies cannot be conducted.
Over the years, different terms have been used for individuals with gender problems. This reflects the many diverse views and theories about atypical gender development. We briefly review the most commonly used terms.
The term transsexual emerged in the professional literature in the ...