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Chapter 2: Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence: A Cultural Blank Space
In the process of gender identity formation during childhood and adolescence many challenges have to be overcome and many conflicts mastered. Societies and cultures offer a wide range of patterns to help stabilize growing youngsters, including various rituals for gender role rehearsals. Some societies encourage opposite gender role rehearsals at least in certain developmental periods; others discourage such behavior. Respective examples from Sumatra, New Guinea, Melanesia, among the Pilagá of Argentina, and among the Yolngu of Arnhem Land (Australia) were described by Money and Ehrhardt (1972).
The majority of individuals develop their gender identity in accordance with their bodily outfit. Even though adult transgenderism and ...