Section I: Sociohistorical Trauma, Transformation, and Dialogue: Dialogue Models for Transforming Sociohistorical Trauma Next Chapter
Interpersonal violence is a monologue—a disconnection from self and the world, a one-way conversation that silences the other and makes dialogue unsafe. The silencing can continue well after the initial violence ends, as recipients of violence and even their descendants become disempowered, lose their ability to grow and develop, and become disconnected from the world.
Interpersonal violence often leads to further violence. Recipients seek revenge and retaliate, creating ongoing cycles of perpetration and victimization. Perpetrators of violence may be no more well off than victims, often living in a state of disconnection, fear, uncertainty, and hypervigilance.
Interpersonal violence creates sociohistorical trauma, which is ...