• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Training Instruments in HRD and OD  is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek’s rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students and trainers. It contains a repertoire of psychological tests, questionnaires, self-evaluation tests, projective techniques and other instruments that have been used by organisations in different countries, including the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Ireland, Canada and USA. The experience from diverse users have widened the scope and application of these instruments with minor adaptations for different cultural settings. The book is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek's rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students, and trainers. This enhanced fourth edition includes: • A range of instruments for building team effectiveness in organisations. • Added information on ‘reliability and validity’ in several instruments. Celebrating its vast readership for over two decades, the book caters to Indian HRD professionals, trainers, consultants and researchers.

Interpersonal Needs Inventory (IPNI)
Interpersonal needs inventory (IPNI)
14.1 The Instrument and its Administration

The Interpersonal Needs Inventory (IPNI) was developed to measure six interpersonal needs. Five items for each need are contained in it, and it is self-administered. Respondents rate 60 items on a 6-point scale: from never (or none) to usually (or most people). A separate answer sheet (appended) is used to facilitate scoring of the inventory.

14.2 Conceptual Framework

Schutz (1958) drew attention to three basic interpersonal needs involved in interaction among people—inclusion, control and affection. His main contribution was suggestion of directionality in each of these three needs, what he termed as expressed (giving to others) and as wanted (receiving from others). He defined the three needs behaviourally as follows:

The interpersonal need for inclusion ...

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