• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Training Instruments in HRD and OD  is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek’s rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students and trainers. It contains a repertoire of psychological tests, questionnaires, self-evaluation tests, projective techniques and other instruments that have been used by organisations in different countries, including the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Ireland, Canada and USA. The experience from diverse users have widened the scope and application of these instruments with minor adaptations for different cultural settings. The book is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek's rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students, and trainers. This enhanced fourth edition includes: • A range of instruments for building team effectiveness in organisations. • Added information on ‘reliability and validity’ in several instruments. Celebrating its vast readership for over two decades, the book caters to Indian HRD professionals, trainers, consultants and researchers.

Motivational Analysis of Organisation—Atmosphere (MAO-A)
Motivational analysis of organisation—atmosphere (MAO-A)
65.1 The Instrument and its Administration

Motivation Analysis of Organisations—Atmosphere (MAO-A) was developed to study organisational atmosphere, which is defined as the perceived effectiveness of organisational climate. Organisational climate is proposed in terms of six motives and 12 organisational processes (see Chapter 64).

The instrument has 120 items, one for each of the 10 organisational processes, for each of the motives and each of the two orientations (approach and avoidance): 10 × 6 × 2 = 120. Respondents are asked to rate each item on a 5-point scale. The instrument is appended.

65.2 The Conceptual Framework

Organisational atmosphere can be defined by the perceived effectiveness of the organisational climate. Using the motivational framework discussed earlier, organisational atmosphere can be ...

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