• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Training Instruments in HRD and OD  is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek’s rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students and trainers. It contains a repertoire of psychological tests, questionnaires, self-evaluation tests, projective techniques and other instruments that have been used by organisations in different countries, including the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Ireland, Canada and USA. The experience from diverse users have widened the scope and application of these instruments with minor adaptations for different cultural settings. The book is an outcome of Dr Udai Pareek's rich worldwide experience of more than 50 years with diverse organisations, HRD professionals, researchers, students, and trainers. This enhanced fourth edition includes: • A range of instruments for building team effectiveness in organisations. • Added information on ‘reliability and validity’ in several instruments. Celebrating its vast readership for over two decades, the book caters to Indian HRD professionals, trainers, consultants and researchers.

Organisational Role Stress (ORS) Scale
Organisational role stress (ORS) scale
53.1 The Instrument and its Administration

The organisational role stress (ORS) scale is used to measure 10 role stresses, that is, self-role distance, inter-role distance, role stagnation, role isolation, role ambiguity, role expectation conflict, role overload, role erosion, resource inadequacy and personal inadequacy. ORS is a 5-point scale (0–4), containing five items for each role stress and a total of 50 statements. Thus, the total scores on each role stress range from 0 to 20. Responses are to be given on an answer sheet (appended).

53.2 Conceptual Framework

Modern life is full of stress. As organisations become more complex, the potential for stress increases. Urbanisation, industrialisation and increase in scale of operations are some of the reasons for ...

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