Trafficking and Global Crime Control

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Maggy Lee

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    Acknowledgements

    This book was made possible by the help and support of a number of people. I would like to thank the reviewers who provided useful suggestions and encouraging remarks about the original proposal and draft manuscript, and the Home Office, UNESCO and UNODC for permission to reproduce figures. I am also grateful to Caroline Porter and Sarah-Jayne Boyd at Sage for their enthusiasm in the book project and for guiding the manuscript through to publication with much patience, skill and good humour.

    The Departments of Sociology at the University of Hong Kong and University of Essex have provided an intellectually stimulating and convivial environment in which to pursue this book project. Some of the background research was facilitated by grants from the British Academy and the University of Hong Kong Seed Funding Programme. Colleagues and friends have encouraged and advised me and read draft chapters during the course of preparing this book. I am particularly grateful to Eugene McLaughlin, Loraine Gelsthorpe, Maurice Punch, Mary Bosworth, Richard Miles, Sharon Pickering, Lydia Morris, Darren Thiel, Rob Stones, Karen Joe Laidler, Borge Bakken, and Thomas Wong. Finally, special thanks to Chris for adopting Hong Kong as his home, and to my siblings and nieces and nephew for the photography outings and many other family distractions.

    Acronyms

    CED AWConvention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
    ECEuropean Commission
    EUEuropean Union
    EUROPOLEuropean Police Office
    GAATWGlobal Alliance Against Trafficking in Women
    ILOInternational Labour Organisation
    INTERPOLInternational Criminal Police Organisation
    IOMInternational Organisation for Migration
    NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organisation
    NGONon-Governmental Organisation
    SOCASerious Organised Crime Agency
    TIP ReportTrafficking in Persons Report (US)
    UKHTCUnited Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre
    UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
    UNICEFUnited Nations Children's Fund
    UNIFEMUnited Nations Development Fund for Women
    UNODCUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
    UNOHCHRUnited Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
    WHOWorld Health Organisation
  • Appendix A: Timeline: Key International Conventions and National Legislation against Human Trafficking

    1904International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic
    1921International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children
    1930ILO Convention No. 29 – Forced Labour Convention
    1949United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
    1957ILO Convention No. 105 – Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
    1999ILO Convention No. 182 – Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
    2000United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime (Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children; Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air)
    2000Trafficking Victims Protection Act (USA)
    2002Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act (UK)
    2003Sexual Offences Act (UK)
    2004Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants) Act (UK)
    2005Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

    Appendix B: Useful Websites

    Anti-Slavery International

    http://www.antislavery.org/

    Council of Europe

    http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/trafficking/

    Europol

    http://www.europol.europa.eu/

    Forced Migration Online

    http://www.forcedmigration.org/

    Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW)

    http://www.gaatw.org/

    Global Rights

    http://www.globalrights.org/

    Human Rights Watch

    http://www.hrw.org/

    Human Trafficking

    http://www.humantrafficking.org/

    International Labour Organisation (ILO)

    http://www.ilo.org/

    International Organisation for Migration (IOM)

    http://www.iom.int/

    Interpol http://www.interpol.int/

    Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

    http://www.ohchr.org/

    Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

    http://www.osce.org/cthb/

    Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)

    http://www.soca.gov.uk/

    Statewatch

    http://www.statewatch.org/

    United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre

    http://www.ukhtc.org/

    United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking (UNIAP)

    http://www.no-trafficking.org/

    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

    http://www.unodc.org/

    United States Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

    http://www.state.gov/g/tip

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