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Determinants of Common Crimes
Determinants of common crimes
Comparative Perspectives

Traditionally, crime experts have based their theories of the macro causes of crime on data from police records or courts. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, criminologists generally related national or regional levels of crime to climate, extreme poverty, demographic composition, urbanization, secularization, social disorganization, and a wide range of other macro characteristics of societies (Beirne, 1993). Comparative criminology was part of mainstream criminology. In later years, diminished confidence in the reliability of official crime statistics as measures of crime led to a decline in epidemiological studies. Cross-country comparisons, using police figures, continued to be made but did not receive much attention. In many textbooks on criminology, results of such studies were not discussed at ...

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