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Security, Rule of Law, and Sustainable Development
Security, rule of law, and sustainable development
Introductory Remarks

In Chapter 9, we have cast doubt on the common belief that the level of common crime in society is a function of the effectiveness of law enforcement. As discussed there, our Composite Police Performance Index (PPI), integrating both subjective and objective measures of effectiveness, showed only a weak link with overall victimization by common crime (r = −.32).1 Levels of volume crime seem more determined by social macro factors such as urbanization, social inequality, use of antiburglary measures, alcohol abuse, and availability of guns than by the quality of domestic law enforcement and/or the administration of criminal justice. Evidence-based crime reduction is therefore focused on improvements in situational and social ...

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