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Chapter 10: Courts and Sentencing
The UN Crime Survey provides information on the number of professional judges or magistrates employed (defined as officials authorized to hear civil, criminal, or other cases, including appeals courts). Functions of judges and magistrates vary across legal systems, and international comparisons must therefore be regarded as indicative only (Newman & Howard, 1999; Reichel, 1994). Figure 10.1 presents information on the number of professional judges/magistrates per 100,000 population per region.
On average, there were approximately nine judges or magistrates per 100,000 inhabitants, worldwide, in 2000. Globally, the number of judges is, just as the number of police officials, positively related to levels of affluence. Well-funded judiciaries seem to be collective ...