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A Brief Historical Background
A brief historical background

Poland has, at various times, been described as the heart of Europe due to its central location in Europe and its tragic history which have had a bearing on most or all of Europe. According to Norman Davies, Poland was scientifically and culturally a vibrant country that was granted the Catholic symbol of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by the Vatican in 1765. Amongst the most famous Poles, three names stand out—Nicolas Copernicus (1473–1543), Jan Kochanowski (1530–84), the poet to whom the senior branch of Slavonic literature can be attributed and Jan Zamoyski (1542–1605), chancellor and the chief architect of Poland's ‘noble democracy’. The country shows a long tradition of democracy and religious tolerance, embodied even in its early constitutions. Catholics, Orthodox, Armenians, Jewish and Muslims coexisted peacefully in ...

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