- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda unpacks the ever-present and exciting topic of propaganda to explain how it invades the human psyche, in what ways it does so, and in what contexts. As a beguiling tool of political persuasion in times of war, peace, and uncertainty, propaganda incites people to take, often violent, action, consciously or unconsciously. This pervasive influence is particularly prevalent in world politics and international relations today. In this interdisciplinary Handbook, the editors have gathered together a group of world-class scholars from Europe, America, Asia, and the Middle East, to discuss leadership propaganda, war propaganda, propaganda for peace marketing, propaganda as a psychological tool, terror-enhanced propaganda, and the contemporary topics of internet-mediated propaganda. Unlike previous publications on the subject, this book brings to the forefront current manifestations and processes of propaganda such as Islamist, and Far Right propaganda, from interdisciplinary perspectives. In its four parts, the Handbook offers researchers and academics of propaganda studies, peace and conflict studies, media and communication studies, political science and governance marketing, as well as intelligence and law enforcement communities, a comprehensive overview of the tools and context of the development and evolution of propaganda from the twentieth century to the present: Part One: Concepts, Precepts and Techniques in Propaganda Research; Part Two: Methodological Approaches in Propaganda Research; Part Three: Tools and Techniques in Counter-Propaganda Research; Part Four: Propaganda in Context.
Chapter 26: [Page 441]Syria: Propaganda as a Tool in the Arsenal of Information Warfare
[Page 441]Syria: Propaganda as a Tool in the Arsenal of Information Warfare
Taylor (2003: 5) has pointed to the inextricable link between propaganda and war, which has been a constant throughout the ages. He also warned of the effects: ‘once war has broken out, propaganda has proved to be a weapon of no less significance than swords, guns or bombs’ Taylor (2003: 5). This ‘symbiotic’ relationship between war and propaganda is owed in no small part to what Payne (2005) characterises as the key factor of winning modern wars, which are increasingly dictated by political rather than purely military factors. Political and military leaders require a sense of the public ...