The RTI Startup Guide: Tools and Temple for School Implementation
A straightforward, how-to guide to creating a school-wide RTI team and implementing RTI, Response to Intervention: Basic Steps to Campus Implementation fills a gap in the RTI literature. Books on the topic range from broadly theoretical to single-student intervention strategies, but no single volume exits that presents in clear, accessible language exactly how a school should set up their RTI team, how that team will facilitate teacher training, and how to support instruction and assessment within the RTI framework, complete with tools. Extensive in its coverage and logically organized, this book will be an essential and accessible guide for any school implementing RTI. Key Selling Points • You've read about RTI, maybe you've received some training, and you're primed for implementation…now what? Response to Intervention: ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Establish Committee Roles
- Chapter 2: Establish a Leader
- Chapter 3: Set Criteria
- Chapter 4: Set Goals
- Chapter 5: Set Meeting Dates
- Chapter 6: Set Meeting Guidelines
- Chapter 7: Strategies and Intervention Programs
- Chapter 8: Forms and Documentation Examples
- Chapter 9: Tracking Chart
- Chapter 10: Progress Monitoring
- Chapter 11: Brochures or Literature: For School RTI and Parent Communication
- Chapter 12: Confidentiality
- Chapter 13: School Referral to RTI Process: Staff Information
- Chapter 14: Campus Resource Library
- Chapter 15: How to Start and End a Year With RTI
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Copyright © 2012 by Corwin
All rights reserved. When forms and sample documents are included, their use is authorized only by educators, local school sites, and/or noncommercial or nonprofit entities that have purchased the book. Except for that usage, no part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Lawrence, Cindy, author.
The RTI startup guide: tools and templates for schoolwide implementation / Cindy Lawrence.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-4522-3087-0 (paper)
1. Response to intervention (Learning disabled children)—Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Title.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
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List of Figures[Page vii]
- Figure 1.1Example of a Committee 2
- Figure 4.1RTI Step 1: Example of a Completed Review and Plan of Action 12
- Figure 7.1Example RTI Triangle of Programs 25
- Figure 8.1Example Review and Plan of Action 42
- Figure 8.2Example Referral to RTI (Step 1) 48
- Figure 8.3Example Record of Student Review Dates 52
- Figure 8.4Example Tier 1 Plan 54
- Figure 8.5Example Classroom Documentation Form 55
- Figure 8.6Example Case Manager Notes: Tier 1 57
- Figure 8.7Example RTI Classroom Observation Form 59
- Figure 8.8Example Fidelity Checklist for Instructional Strategies 60
- Figure 8.9Example Tier 2 Reading Documentation Plan Data 62
- Figure 8.10Example Behavior Plan 66
- Figure 8.11Example RTI Student History Documentation Form 68
- Figure 8.12Example Parent Notification Letter 71
- Figure 8.13Example Notice of Meeting 72
- Figure 8.14Example Student RTI Documentation Report for Referral to Special Education 74
- Figure 9.1Completed Tracking Chart 102
This written work is a very simplified guide to setting up a team and gathering the basic tools for what you really need to know in reviewing students in the RTI, or Response-to-Intervention, process. It will help you actually get started and flow through the process without all the confusion and redundancy of other programs. Once you have reached this level on your campus, you will have the ability to use other more detailed programs or ideas in tweaking your RTI system. In other words, start simply. I only wish I had had something like this to get my campus started instead of spending two years just figuring it out.
My philosophy is that all students can learn something. It is our job as educators to notice our students as individuals who will ultimately become part of society in some capacity and who will need our guidance, encouragement, and trust to give them the tools to be successful in that capacity. Monitoring and developing goals for individual students gives us a realistic look at what our students need to eventually be successful in the real world.
Corwin gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following reviewers:
Esther M. Eacho Professional Educator Johns Hopkins University and Marymount University Baltimore, MD/Arlington, VA
Lisa Graham, NBCT Program Supervisor, Special Education Berkeley Unified School District Berkeley, CA
A. L. Hough-Everage Associate Professor of Education Brandman University, Chapman University System Victorville, CA
Michelle Strom Language Arts Teacher Fort Riley Middle School Fort Riley, KS
Marian White-Hood Director of Academics Maya Angelou Public Charter Schools & See Forever Foundation Washington, DC
About the Author
What is RTI?[Page xi]
Response-to-Intervention (RTI) is a process that includes the provision of systematic, research-based instruction and interventions to struggling learners. It assumes that the instruction and interventions are matched to student needs and that the monitoring of progress is continuous. Designed as an early intervention to prevent long-term academic failure, RTI is considered a general education service, but can also be implemented in special education settings. The discussion in each of these sections is based on a three-tier model. Each tier level determines the type, amount, and intensity of the intervention. Appropriate instruction should be delivered by highly qualified personnel, and data-based documentation of repeated assessments at designated intervals should be collected.How should RTI be Addressed with Staff?
First of all, the attitude of the administrators has an incredible impact on the attitude of the staff toward RTI. Administrators should be involved for support. The next step is to have an established RTI team whose members are familiar with their roles, criteria, goals, and guidelines. It is crucial to have a support team ready to answer questions, help other teachers, and build trust. This will encourage your staff and build the idea that “no one is alone.” I have found, through experience, that when teachers realize that RTI is a support to help them educate students at risk by giving them resources, strategies, parental help, and not just more paperwork, they become more encouraged. However, your administrator and team must portray that attitude throughout your campus. If the teachers realize they can come to the committee for help and they are not alone in trying to educate students, they will feel less stressed and become involved in making decisions to help those struggling in class. If the members of your staff know there are established guidelines, goals, and team support, they will feel comfortable following you. Remember, RTI helps students, supports teachers, and informs parents. This should be the focus of the team.[Page xii]What does the RTI Team Look like when meeting?
Each team member should know his or her designated role and use it during the meeting. The guidelines should be followed, and students should be reviewed, with data-driven decisions being made. Each member should complete his or her responsibilities, as well as use his or her expertise in making decisions.
Steps to Setting up a Campus RTI System[Page xiii]The Checklist
Please note that all of the visuals and demonstrations are for your information only. You may use them directly or edit them for your own use. All of the information is simply to give you examples and visuals to spark your own creativity and guide you in setting up your own campus RTI system. Remember! You may get to only part of these the first year and address the others in subsequent years. It may take three to five years to actually have a complete system set up. In my own experience, it took three years, and we were still working out details. Each chapter of this book, respectively, will explain the following checklist items.
- 1. Establish team members and their roles.
- 2. Establish a leader for the team—someone who can pull it together, not do all the work.
- 3. Set meeting dates (have an agenda for each meeting—the first meetings will include discussing how you will do things and set guidelines. Other meetings will be about students).
- 4. Determine the method of assessing (universal assessments) all students and set goals for the campus and each grade level based on past scores/data or norms.
- 5. Set criteria for each tier level.
- 6. Set guidelines for your team when reviewing students (have steps to review).
- 7. Have strategies, programs, staff, and so on listed and available to set up plans for students.
- 8. Have designated forms for documentation plans and a consistent system of putting together information in a student folder. Also, help your teachers with a system of how they will document on a Tier 1 level. (Make it simple!)
- 9. Establish a process of how you want students to be referred, reviewed, and monitored—relay this to your staff.
- 10. Have a tracking system of how you keep up with students (when they entered, their weakness or reason for intervention, comments about important information). This is just a system for the team to be able to look back quickly at a glance.[Page xiv]
- 11. Have a progress monitoring system in place and designate who will take responsibility for this. Someone will have to monitor an intervention if it is being done, or your reviews will not be valid.
- 12. Have brochures or literature for parents/teachers.
- 13. Discuss confidentiality.
- 14. Initiate parent communication.
- 15. Begin gathering programs and strategies and build a resource library.
References2009). RTI documentation. Helena, MT: Montana Office of Public Instruction. Retrieved from http://opi.mt.gov/Resources/RTI/index.html(1999). Achievement goals and student well-being. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 24, 330–358., & (The RTI data analysis teaming process. Indiana, PA: National Center for Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.rtinetwork.org/essential/assessment/data-based/teamprocess, , & (n.d.).2008). Response to intervention implementation guide. Tyler, TX: Mentoring Minds., , & (2001). Classroom instruction that works. Alexandria, VA: ASCD., , & (2006). The RTI guide: Developing and implementing a model in your schools. Horsham, PA: LRP.(2009). RTI in secondary schools: A review of the literature. Lawrence, KS: Center for Research on Learning, University of Kansas.(2008). The response to intervention handbook: Moving from theory to practice. Austin, TX: Park Place.(2005). Response to intervention: An alternative to traditional eligibility criteria for students with disabilities. Education Evolving. Retrieved from http://www.educationevolving.org/pdf/Response_to_Intervention.pdf(2007). RTI toolkit: A practical guide for school. New York: Dude.(