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Chapter 6: Health and Responsibility: From Social Change to Technological Change and Vice Versa
Technological research in the social sciences frequently focuses on the relationship between technological change and social change. Roughly summarized, two positions have initiated the debate (see for example Joerges, 1988; Weingart, 1989a). On the one hand there is technological determinism which sees technology as destiny: technology dictates whether and in what way it will be applied. On the other hand there is the position of social reductionism. Here it is the users who decide whether and in what way technology will be applied. Cultural influences, social norms and interests playa crucial role in the shaping and use of technology.
Meanwhile, of course, the ...