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Chapter 5: Genotechnology: Three Challenges to Risk Legitimation
According to Jacob (1974), somewhere near the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century the science of biology fractured into several sub-disciplines -each focusing on distinct objects of study and adopting clearly differentiated strategies of investigation. Of the emergent objects, two in particular came to dominate twentieth century scientific discourse; the gene and the molecule. Clearly, it was in relation to these objects that the modem sciences of genetics and biochemistry developed.
Genetics, of course, focused mainly on the study of populations or species. The attendant technology was pivoted on the practices of selective breeding and its theory was underpinned by statistics. So much was this the case that ...