The Politics of Central Europe

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Attila Ágh

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  • Bibliography

    Ágh, Attila (ed.) (1994a) The Emergence of East Central European Parliaments: The First Steps, Budapest: Hungarian Centre for Democracy Studies.
    Ágh, Attila (1994b) ‘The Hungarian Party System and Party Theory in the Transition of Central Europe’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, vol. 6, no. 2, April.
    Ágh, Attila (1995a) ‘The Transition to Democracy in Central Europe: A Comparative View’, in G.Pridham (ed.), Transitions to Democracy, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    Ágh, Attila (1995b) ‘The “Comparative Revolution” and the Transition in Central and Southern Europe’, in G.Pridham (ed.), Transitions to Democracy, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    Ágh, Attila, and GabriellaIlonszki (eds) (1996) Parliaments and Organized Interests in Central Europe: The Second Steps, Budapest: Hungarian Centre for Democracy Studies.
    Ágh, Attila and SándorKurtán (eds) (1995) Democratization and Europeanization in Hungary: The First Parliament, 1990–1994, Budapest: Hungarian Centre for Democracy Studies.
    Ágh, Attila, LászlóSzarvas and LászlóVass (1995) ‘The Europeanization of Hungarian Polity’, in AttilaAgh and SándorKurtán (eds), Democratization and Europeanization in Hungary: The First Parliament, 1990–1994, Budapest: Hungarian Centre for Democracy Studies.
    Almond, Mark (1988) Decline without Fall: Romania under Ceausescu, London: Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies.
    Ash, TimothyGarton (1990) We The People: The Revolutions of ‘89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin and Prague, Cambridge: Granta Books.
    Bartlett, David (1996) ‘Democracy, Institutional Change, and Stabilisation Policy in Hungary’, Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 48, no. 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09668139608412333
    Bartolini, Stefano and PeterMair (eds) (1984) Party Politics in Contemporary Western Europe, London: Frank Cass.
    Batt, Judy (1991) East Central Europe from Reform to Transformation, London: Pinter Publishers.
    Bell, John (1993) ‘Bulgaria’, in StephenWhite, JudyBatt and PaulLewis (eds), Developments in East European Politics, Durham: Duke University Press.
    Bermeo, Nancy (ed.) (1992) Liberalization and Democratization: Change in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Bielasiak, Jack (1997) ‘Substance and Process in the Development of Party Systems in East Central Europe’, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 30, no. l. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X%2896%2900021-9
    Blackburn, Robin (ed.) (1991) After the Fall: The Failure of Communism and the Future of Socialism, London and New York: Verso.
    Bonime-Blanc, Andrea (1987) Spain's Transition to Democracy: The Politics of Constitution-Making, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Bozóki, András, AndrásKörösenyi and GeorgeSchöpflin (eds) (1992) Post-Communist Transition: Emerging Pluralism in Hungary, London: Pinter Publishers.
    Brokl, Vladimir and ZdenkaMansfeldová (1993, 1994, 1995) ‘Czechoslovakia’ and ‘Czech Republic’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 24, no. 4; vol. 26, nos 3–4; vol. 28, nos. 3–4. Political Data Yearbook: 1993, 1994, 1995. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.1993.tb00390.x
    Brown, James (1994) Hopes and Shadows: Eastern Europe after Communism, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    Brubaker, Rogers (1995) ‘National Minorities, Nationalizing States, and External National Homelands in the New Europe’, Daedalus, vol. 124, no. 2.
    Bryant, Christopher and EdmundMokrzyczki (eds) (1994) The Great Transformation? Change and Continuity in East-Central Europe, London and New York: Routledge.
    Budge, Ian and DavidMcKay (eds) (1994) Developing Democracy, London: Sage.
    Budge, Ian, KennethNewton and R.D.McKinley (eds) (1997) The Politics of the New Europe, London and New York: Longman.
    Bugajski, Janusz (1995a) Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
    Bugajski, Janusz (1995b) Nations in Turmoil: Conflict and Cooperation in Eastern Europe, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Bútora, Martin and ZoraBútorová (1993) ‘Slovakia after the Split’, Journal of Democracy, vol. 4, no. 2.
    Carpenter, Michael (1997) ‘Slovakia and the Triumph of Nationalist Populism’, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 30, no. 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X%2897%2900005-6
    Carter, F.W. and H.T.Norris (eds) (1996) Changing Shape of the Balkans, London: University College of London.
    Chirot, Daniel (ed.) (1991) The Crisis of Leninism and the Decline of the Left: The Revolutions of 1989, Seattle, WA and London: University of Washington Press.
    Cichy, Michal (1996) ‘Requiem for the Moderate Revisionist’ (with a ‘Letter to the Editor’ written by Andrzej Tymowski), East European Politics and Societies, vol. 10, no. 1.
    Collier, David and StevenLevitsky (1996) Democracy ‘with Adjectives’: Conceptual Innovation in Comparative Research, Working Paper, The Kellogg Institute, South-bend, IN: University of Notre Dame.
    Comisso, Ellen (1991) ‘Political Coalitions, Economic Choices’, Journal of International Affairs, vol. 45, no. 1.
    Comisso, Ellen (1997) ‘Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Reflections on Five Years of Competitive Politics in Eastern Europe’, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 30, no. 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X%2896%2900020-7
    Cox, Terry and AndyFurlong (eds) (1995) Hungary: The Politics of Transition, London: Frank Cass.
    Crampton, Richard and BenCrampton (1996) Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, London and New York: Routledge.
    Dahl, Robert (1971) Polyarchy, Participation and Oppression, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
    Dahl, Robert (1989) Democracy and Its Critics, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
    Dahrendorf, Ralf (1990) Reflections on the Revolution in Europe, London: Chatto and Windus.
    Dawisha, Karen (1990) Eastern Europe, Gorbachev and Reform, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Dawisha, Karen and BruceParrott (eds) (1997a) The Consolidation of Democracy in East-Central Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511628030
    Dawisha, Karen and BruceParrott (eds) (1997b) Politics, Power, and the Struggle for Democracy in South-East Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511559228
    Diamond, Larry (1996) ‘Is the Third Wave Over?’, Journal of Democracy, vol. 7, no. 3.
    Diamond, Larry and MarcPlattner (eds) (1993) The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Di Palma, Giuseppe (1990) To Craft Democracies: An Essay on Democratic Transitions, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Dix, Robert (1994) ‘History and Democracy Revisited’, Comparative Politics, vol. 27, no. 1, October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/422219
    Djordjevic, Dimitrije (1992) ‘The Yugoslav Phenomenon’, in JosephHeld (ed.) The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Dogan, Mattei (1995) ‘Erosion of Class Voting and of the Religious Vote in Western Europe’, International Social Science Journal, no. 146 (December).
    Dyker, D.A. and I.Vejvoda (eds) (1997) Yugoslavia and After: A Study in Fragmentation, Despair and Rebirth, London and New York: Longman.
    East, Roger (1992) Revolutions in Eastern Europe, London and New York: Pinter Publishers.
    The Economist (1993) ‘Looking Back from 2992: The Disastrous 21st Century’, 26 December 1992–8 January 1993, pp. 17–19.
    Evans, Geoffrey and StephenWhitefield (1995) ‘The Economic Ideology and Political Success: Communist-Successor Parties in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary Compared’, Party Politics, vol. 1, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068895001004008
    Flores Juberias, Carlos (1995) ‘The Transformation of Electoral Systems in Eastern Europe and its Political Consequences’, Journal of Constitutional Law in Eastern and Central Europe, vol. 2, no. 1.
    Flores Juberias, Carlos (1997) ‘The Parliamentary Representation of Ethnic Minorities in Eastern Europe’, in LawrenceLongley and DragoZajc (eds), The Parliaments of Young Democracies, Appleton, WI: IPSA Research Committee of Legislative Specialists.
    Gallagher, Tom (1995) Romania after Ceausescu: The Politics of Intolerance, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Gilberg, Trond (1992) ‘The Multiple Legacies of History: Romania in the Year 1990’, in JosephHeld (ed.), The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Giordan, Henri (1994) Multicultural and Multiethnic Societies, Discussion paper series No. 1, Management of Social Transformations (MOST), Paris: Unesco.
    Glenny, Misha (1990) The Rebirth of History: Eastern Europe in the Age of Democracy, London: Penguin Books.
    Goati, Vladimir (ed.) (1995), Challenges of Parliamentarism: The Case of Serbia in the Early Nineties, Belgrade: Institute of Social Sciences.
    Goldfarb, Jeffrey (1992) After the Fall: The Pursuit of Democracy in Central Europe, New York: Basic Books.
    González Enríquez, Carmen (1995a) ‘Electoral Systems and Political Stability in Central and Eastern Europe’, Budapest Papers on Democratic Transition, no. 132.
    González Enríquez, Carmen (1995b) ‘Electoral Behaviour in Central and Eastern Europe’, Budapest Papers on Democratic Transition, no. 148.
    Gray, Victor (1996) ‘Identity and Democracy in the Baltics’, Democratization, vol. 3, no. 2, Summer 1996.
    Griffith, William (ed.) (1989) Central and Eastern Europe: The Opening Curtain?, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Gunther, Richard, NikiforosDiamandouros and Hans-JiirgenPuhle (eds) (1995) The Politics of Democratic Consolidation: Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Haggard, Stephan and RobertKaufmann (1994) ‘The Challenges of Consolidation’, Journal of Democracy, vol. 5, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/jod.1994.0067
    Hankiss, Elemér (1990) East European Alternatives, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Held, Joseph (ed.) (1992) The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Hesse, JoachimJens (ed.) (1993) Administrative Transformations in Central and Eastern Europe: Towards Public Sector Reform in Post-Communist Societies, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Hesse, JoachimJens and NevilJohnson (eds) (1995) Constitutional Policy and Change in Europe, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hettne, Björn (1994) The New Regionalism, Tokyo: The United Nations University.
    Hill, Ronald (1994) ‘Democracy in Eastern Europe’ in IanBudge and DavidMcKay (eds), Developing Democracy, London: Sage.
    Hockenos, Paul (1993) Free to Hate: The Rise of the Right in Post-Communist Eastern Europe, New York and London: Routledge.
    Holmes, Leslie (1997) Post-Communism: An Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Howard, Dick (ed.) (1993) Constitution Making in Eastern Europe, Washington, DC: The Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
    Hudecek, Jaroslav, ZdenkaMansfeldová and LubomirBrokl Mansfeldová (1992) ‘Czechoslovakia’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 22, no. 4 (Political Data Yearbook: 1992) vol. 22, no. 4.
    Huntington, Samuel (1991) The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century, Norman, OK and London: University of Oklahoma Press.
    Huntington, Samuel (1996) The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York: Simon and Schuster.
    Hyde-Price, Adrian (1996) The International Politics of East Central Europe, Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
    Ilonszki, Gabriella and SándorKurtán (1992, 1993, 1994, 1995) ‘Hungary’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 22, no. 4; vol. 24, no. 4; vol. 26, nos 3–4; vol. 28, nos 3–4 (Political Data Yearbook: 1992,1993,1994,1995).
    Janos, Andrew (1982) The Politics of Backwardness, 1825–1945, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Jasiewicz, Krzysztow (1992, 1993a, 1994, 1995) ‘Poland’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 22, no. 4; vol. 24, no. 4; vol. 26, nos 3–43–4; vol. 28, nos 3–4 (Political Data Yearbook 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.1992.tb00339.x
    Jasiewicz, Krzystow (1993b) ‘Structures of Representation’, in StephenWhite, JudyBatt and PaulLewis (eds), Developments in East European Politics, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    Jowitt, Ken (1992) New World Disorder: The Leninist Extinction, Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press.
    Kaminski, Bartlomiej (1991) The Collapse of State Socialism: The Case of Poland, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Karasimeonov, Georgi (1996a) ‘Bulgaria's New Party System’, in G.Pridham and PaulLewis (eds), Stabilising Fragile Democracies, London and New York: Routledge.
    Karasimeonov, Georgi (1996b) ‘The Legislature in Post-Communist Bulgaria’, in DavidOlson and PhilipNorton (eds), The New Parliaments of Central and Eastern Europe, London, Frank Cass.
    Katz, Richard and PeterMair (eds) (1994) How Parties Organize, London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446250570
    Katz, Richard and PeterMair (1995) ‘Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party’, Party Politics, vol. 1, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068895001001001
    Király, Béla (ed.) (1995) Lawful Revolution in Hungary, 1989–94, Boulder, CO: Atlantic Publications (distributed by Columbia University Press, New York).
    Kitschelt, Herbert (1992) ‘The Formation of Party Systems in East Central Europe’, Politics and Society, vol. 20, no. l.
    Kitschelt, Herbert (1995) ‘Formation of Party Cleavages in Post-Communist Democracies: Theoretical Propositions’, Party Politics, vol. 1, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068895001004002
    Kopecky, Petr (1995) ‘Developing Party Organizations in East-Central Europe’, Party Politics, vol. 1, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068895001004005
    Kornai, János (1989) The Road to a Free Economy, Shifting from a Socialist System: The Example of Hungary, New York: Norton and Company.
    Kornai, János (1992) The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism, Princeton: Princeton University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198287763.001.0001
    Kornai, János (1993) Transformational Recession, Discussion Paper no. 1, Budapest: Collegium Budapest.
    Kramer, Mark (1995) ‘Polish Workers and the Post-Communist Transition, 19891993’, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 28, no. l.
    Lane, Jan-Erik and SvanteErsson (1987) Politics and Society in Western Europe, London: Sage.
    Lane, Jan-Erik and SvanteErsson (1996) European Politics, London: Sage.
    Leska, Dushan and VieraKoganová (1995) ‘The Elections 1994 and Crystallization of Political Parties and Movements in Slovakia’, in SonjaSzomolányi and GrigorijMeseznikov (eds), Slovakia: Parliamentary Elections 1994, Bratislava: Slovak Political Science Association.
    Lewis, Paul (1994a) Central Europe since 1945, London and New York: Longman.
    Lewis, Paul (1994b) ‘Political Institutionalisation and Party Development in Post-Communist Poland’, Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 46, no. 5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09668139408412200
    Liebert, Ulrike and MaurizioCotta (eds) (1990) Parliament and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe, London and New York: Pinter Publishers.
    Lijphart, Arend (1984) Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Countries, New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press.
    Linz, Juan (1978) The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Linz, Juan and AlfredStepan (1996) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Linz, Juan and ArturoValenzuela (eds) (1994) The Failure of Presidential Democracy: Comparative Perspectives, vol. 1, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Linz, Juan, AlfredStepan and RichardGunther (1995) ‘Democratic Transition and Consolidation in Southern Europe, with Reflections on Latin America and Eastern Europe’, in RichardGunther, NikiforosDiamandouros and Hans-JürgenPuhle (eds), The Politics of Democratic Consolidation: Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective, Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Longley, Lawrence and AttilaAgh (eds) (1997) The Changing Role of Parliamentary Committees (Working Papers on Comparative Legislative Studies II), Appleton, WI: IPSA Research Committee of Legislative Specialists.
    Longley, Lawrence and DragoZajc (eds) (1997) The Parliaments of Young Democracies (Working Papers on Comparative Legislative Studies III), Appleton, WI: IPSA Research Committee of Legislative Specialists.
    Luif, Paul (1995) On the Road to Brussels: The Political Dimension of Austria's, Finland's and Sweden's Accession to the European Union, Vienna, Braumüller (for the Austrian Institute for International Affairs).
    Magocsi, PaulRobert (1995) Historical Atlas of East Central Europe (A History of East Central Europe, vol. I), Seattle, WA and London: University of Washington Press.
    Mair, Peter (ed.) (1990) The West European Party System, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Malova, Darina (1994, 1995) ‘Slovakia’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 26, nos 3–4; vol. 28, nos 3–4. (Political Data Yearbook 1994,1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.1994.tb00465.x
    Mansfeldová, Zdenka (1996) ‘The Pluralistic System of Interest Representation in Czech Society’, in Szabó, Máté (ed.), The Challenge of Europeanization in the Region: East Central Europe, Budapest: Hungarian Political Science Association.
    Mansfeldová, Zdenka (1997) ‘The First Czech Parliament in the View of the Members of Parliament’, in LawrenceLongley and DragoZajc (eds), The Parliaments of Young Democracies, Appleton, WI: IPSA Research Committee of Legislative Specialists.
    Mason, David (1993) ‘Poland’, in StephenWhite, JudyBatt and PaulLewis (eds), Developments in East European Politics, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
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    Michnik, Adam (1994) ‘A lengyel krétakör’ (The Polish Chalkcircle), Mozgó Világ (Budapest), vol. 15, no. 3.
    Musil, Jiri (ed.) (1996) The End of Czechoslovakia, Budapest, London and New York: Central European University Press.
    O'Donnell, Guillermo, PhilippeSchmitter and LaurenceWhitehead (eds) (1986) Transitions from Authoritarian Rule (4 vols), Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Offe, Claus (1991) ‘Capitalism by Democratic Design? Democratic Theory Facing the Triple Transition in East Central Europe’, Social Research, vol. 58, no. 4.
    Olson, David (1993) ‘Political Parties and Party Systems in Regime Transformation: Inner Transition in the New Democracies of Central Europe’, American Review of Politics, vol. 14, (Winter).
    Olson, David (1994) The New Parliaments of New Democracies: The Experience of the Federal Assembly of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic’ in AttilaÁgh (ed.), The Emergence of East Central European Parliaments: The First Steps, Budapest, Hungarian Centre for Democracy Studies.
    Olson, David and PhilipNorton (eds) (1996) The New Parliaments of Central and Eastern Europe, (with their Introduction, ‘Legislatures in Democratic Transition’), London: Frank Cass.
    OMRI (1996) Building Democracy: The OMRI National Survey of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union 1995, London and New York: M.E. Sharpe.
    O'Neil, Patrick (1996) ‘Revolution from Within: Institutional Analysis, Transition from Authoritarianism, and the Case of Hungary’, World Politics vol. 48, no. 4.
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    Pestoff, Victor (1995) Reforming Social Services in Central and Eastern Europe: An Eleven Nation Overview, Cracow: Cracow Academy of Economics.
    Plasser, Fritz and AndreasPribersky (eds) (1996) Political Culture in East Central Europe, Aldershot: Avebury.
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    Pridham, Geoffrey (ed.) (1995) Transitions to Democracy, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    Pridham, Geoffrey and PaulLewis (eds) (1996) Stabilising Fragile Democracies, London and New York: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203430132
    Pridham, Geoffrey and TatuVanhanen (eds) (1994a) Democratization in Eastern Europe: Domestic and International Perspectives, London and New York: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203410837
    Pridham, Geoffrey, EricHerring and GeorgeSanford (eds) (1994b) Building Democracy? The International Dimension of Democratization in Eastern Europe, London: Leicester University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203410837
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    Schmitter, Philippe (1995) ‘The Consolidation of Political Democracies’ in G.Pridham (ed.), Transitions to Democracy, Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    Schmitter, Philippe and TerryKarl (1992) ‘The Types of Democracy Emerging in Southern and Eastern Europe and South and Central America’, in PeterVolten (ed.), Bound to Change: Consolidating Democracy in East Central Europe, New York and Prague: Institute for East West Studies.
    Schöpflin, George (1993) Politics in Eastern Europe, 1945–1992, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Selbourne, David (1990) Death of the Dark Hero: Eastern Europe, 1987–90, London: Jonathan Cape.
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    Seton-Watson, Hugh (1982) Eastern Europe Between the Wars, 1918–1941, Boulder, CO and London: Westview Press.
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    Szajkowski, Bogdan (ed.) (1991) New Political Parties of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Harlow: Longman.
    Szelényi, Iván (1995) The Rise of Managerialism: The ‘New Class’ After the Fall of Communism, Collegium Budapest Discussion Paper Series, Paper No. 16 (November).
    Szomolányi, Sonja and GrigorijMeseznikov (eds) (1995) Slovakia: Parliamentary Elections 1994, Bratislava: Slovak Political Science Association.
    Tokés, Rudolf (1996) Hungary's Negotiated Revolution: Economic Reform, Social Change and Political Succession, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Tymowski, Andrzej (1993) ‘The Unwanted Social Revolution’, East European Politics and Societies, vol. 7, no. 2.
    Van Ham, Peter (1995) The EC, Eastern Europe and European Unity: Discord, Collaboration and Integration since 1947, London and New York: Pinter Publishers.
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    Volten, Peter (ed.) (1992) Bound to Change: Consolidating Democracy in East Central Europe, New York and Prague: Institute for East West Studies.
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    Waller, Michael (1993) The End of the Communist Power Monopoly, Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
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    Wiarda, Howard (1989) The Transition to Democracy in Spain and Portugal, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
    Wightman, Gordon (1993) ‘The Czech and Slovak Republics’, in StephenWhite, JudyBatt and PaulLewis (eds), Developments in East European Politics, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    Wightman, Gordon (ed.) (1995) Party Formation in East-Central Europe: Post-Communist Politics in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Bulgaria, Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
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