- Subject index
This comprehensive textbook provides a clear nontechnical introduction to the philosophy of science. Through asking whether science can provide us with objective knowledge of the world, the book provides a thorough and accessible guide to the key thinkers and debates that define the field. George Couvalis surveys traditional themes around theory and observation, induction, probability, falsification and rationality as well as more recent challenges to objectivity including relativistic, feminist and sociological readings. This provides a helpful framework in which to locate the key intellectual contributions to these debates, ranging from those of Mill and Hume, through Popper and Kuhn to Laudan, Bloor and Garfinkel among
Chapter 6: The Sociology of Knowledge and Feminism
The Sociology of Knowledge and Feminism
In the past, some histories of great scientists depicted them as lonely geniuses who were able to examine evidence and reason in an unprejudiced manner so as to arrive at important truths. This is in keeping with the Cartesian picture of knowledge, according to which those who wish to know should begin by stripping away their social and personal influences in order to examine claims in an unprejudiced manner in the natural light of reason. Recent studies seem to show that this picture of science is a caricature. The history of science seems to contain a number of great scientists who have accepted theories which were not justified on the evidence available to them. ...