- Subject index
This comprehensive textbook provides a clear nontechnical introduction to the philosophy of science. Through asking whether science can provide us with objective knowledge of the world, the book provides a thorough and accessible guide to the key thinkers and debates that define the field. George Couvalis surveys traditional themes around theory and observation, induction, probability, falsification and rationality as well as more recent challenges to objectivity including relativistic, feminist and sociological readings. This provides a helpful framework in which to locate the key intellectual contributions to these debates, ranging from those of Mill and Hume, through Popper and Kuhn to Laudan, Bloor and Garfinkel among
Chapter 4: Revolutionary Change and Rationality: Kuhn and his Rivals
Revolutionary Change and Rationality: Kuhn and his Rivals
The image of science which is often found in science textbooks, in popular accounts of the lives of great scientists, and in everyday discussions of science is one of an enormous and cumulative growth of knowledge. At any rate, this is the picture many accounts give of natural science since the time of Galileo. This image has great power. It gives science enormous prestige and makes it easier for scientists to get vast amounts of money for research projects which deal with matters very remote from everyday life, like the origins of the universe. It encourages students of human behaviour to call themselves social scientists, to imitate the methods of ...