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M. J. Mahoney

In: The Philosophy of Psychology

Part 2: Behaviorism, Psychology, and Philosophy

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Behaviorism, Psychology, and Philosophy
Behaviorism, psychology, and philosophy

The next collection of papers depicts the considerable influence of behaviorism in both psychology and philosophy.

The influence of the behaviorisms of Pavlov, Watson, Tolman, Skinner, and Hull on twentieth-century psychology is uncontroversial (although the magnitude of its present influence—i.e., whether reports of its death are greatly exaggerated—is open to debate). It is important to note that behaviorism is not a single school of thought. There are various “behaviorisms.” Skinner's radical behaviorism and Watson's methodological behaviorism are probably the best known in psychology. However, there are numerous others. Pavlov, Kan-tor, Tolman, and Hull all developed distinct brands of behaviorism. More contemporary behaviorism can be found in Rachlin's molar, teleological behaviorism or Staddon's biological behaviorism.

In philosophy early behaviorisms were associated ...

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