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Sociological Criminology and Drug Use: A Review of Leading Theories
Sociological criminology and drug use: A review of leading theories
J. MitchellMillerThe University of Texas at San Antonio
Holly VenturaMillerThe University of Texas at San Antonio
Introduction

Whereas the fields of biology, medicine, and psychology engage drug etiology through focus on neurological and pharmacological factors predictive of and correlated with predisposition to use, sociological approaches are rooted in factors external to individual constitution such as environment, cultural outlook, and social interactional dynamics. After almost a century since early Chicago-school researchers began a line of inquiry examining urban ecological phenomena such as social disorganization, collective efficacy, and various related social problems, including substance abuse (Reckless, 1933/1969; Shaw & McKay, 1942), a distinct “sociology of drug use” has evolved largely around ...

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