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Chapter 8: The State and the Management of Technology
In its broadest sense technology policy concerns any activity by the state intended to promote or control technology. One could attempt a complete list of the many tools of intervention that could be adapted to promote a particular technology. This would be quite tedious and given the entwinement of technology with economic activity many of these tools would already be quite familiar to us: regulatory control, public ownership, tax and financial subsidies of various kinds.
In previous chapters state intervention was discussed where it happened to have an important bearing on events of technological change. Nor was it raised incidentally: the state had an unavoidable and important role in the reform and maintenance ...