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The Four Horizons of Hope
The four horizons of hope

The Top-Performing Nation

The Innovative and Effective Network

The Democratic Movement

The Turned-Around District

Each Way of change has left a legacy—a mixture of strengths and weaknesses, good and bad. The philosopher George Santayana warned that if we do not learn from the past, we are condemned to repeat it.1 History is not a pile of refuse, nor is it a refuge. Our challenge, in relation to our values and our vision, is to learn from history what we can and to leave behind what we must. What, in this sense, have the first three ways of change bequeathed to us?

  • Retrieving the spirit of innovation and flexibility of the First Way can restore the capacity of teachers to create much ...

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