Surveillance and Space

Books

Francisco Klauser

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  • Front Matter
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    Acknowledgements

    Society and Space series

    The Society and Space series explores the fascinating relationship between the spatial and the social. Each title draws on a range of modern and historical theories to offer important insights into the key cultural and political topics of our times, including migration, globalisation, race, gender, sexuality and technology. These stimulating and provocative books combine high intellectual standards with contemporary appeal for students of politics, international relations, sociology, philosophy, and human geography.

    Series Editor: Professor Stuart Elden, University of Warwick

    About the Author

    Francisco Klauser is Professor in Political Geography at the University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland. His work explores the socio-spatial implications, power and surveillance issues arising from the digitization of present-day life, thus bridging the fields of human geography, surveillance studies and risk research. Main research topics include video surveillance, mega-event security, smart cities, airport surveillance, civil drones, and big data more generally. Aiming at investigating and conceptualizing the intersections between power and space in the digital age, his work also contributes to German, francophone and anglophone socio-spatial theory.

    Acknowledgements

    This book reflects more than 15 years of research into the problematic of surveillance and space, conducted while living in Geneva, Fribourg, Durham (UK) and Neuchâtel. I think of these places very fondly, not only as beautiful homes, but also as sites of inspiring collaboration and enduring friendship.

    I started working on the socio-spatial aspects and implications of surveillance for my diploma thesis in 2000, as a student at Geneva University. Today, I am still in touch with many of the supervisors, colleagues and friends who helped me at the time. Here I would like to mention in particular and very gratefully Juliet Fall, Alexandre Gillet, Baptiste de Coulon and Irène Hirt. It is safe to say that the key inspiration for this book goes back to that time, when I discovered the Géographie du Pouvoir written by Claude Raffestin, who supervised my work at Geneva University. This exchange has since become a friendship and still plays a fundamental role in my perspective on surveillance as a geographer.

    A second decisive encounter was with Jean Ruegg, who opened up a new world for me in offering me the possibility of undertaking a PhD at Fribourg University on video surveillance. During that period, many other people also helped me in very important ways. Special thanks to Valérie November, Alexandre Flückiger, Christian Schubarth, Daniel Boos, Christoph Müller, Alexandra Felder and Stefan Winter in Switzerland, but also to many international colleagues and friends, including Eric Töpfer, Leon Hempel, Clive Norris, Hille Koskela and Beate Rössler.

    In the following five years at Durham University I discovered many novel thematic and conceptual horizons, especially in the field of sport mega-event security and in terms of theoretical reflection. These amazing years brought many new inspirations, collaborations and friendships. I would like to thank in particular Louise Amoore, Gerald Chan, Mike Crang, Stuart Elden, Richard Giulianotti, Steve Graham, Kevin Haggerty, Stuart Lane, Colin McFarlane, Claudio Minca, Joe Painter, Divya Tolia-Kelly, William Webster and Ying Yu. I have also been fortunate to find two fantastic proofreaders in Hannah Juby and Krysia Johnson, who have helped me over many years to sharpen and clarify my arguments.

    Back in Switzerland since 2010, I have found a wonderful new home and working environment in Neuchâtel, with many new friends and colleagues, students and collaborations that have helped bring my project on surveillance and space to completion. I would like to thank in particular Peter Adey, John Allen, Pete Fussey, Raoul Kaenzig, Michael Nagenborg, Till Paasche, Silvana Pedrozo, Jenny Robinson, Ola Söderström, Sarah Widmer and Nils Zurawski. I also gained much from an extended visit and research stay at Aarhus University in 2014, made possible by Peter Lauritsen and Anders Albrechtslund.

    I also owe the production and editing staff at SAGE a great debt of gratitude, and I would like to thank in particular Stuart Elden, the editor of the Society and Space book series, whose help and trust have been fundamentally important for completing the present project. Very grateful appreciation is also due to the Swiss National Science Foundation, to the UK Research Council and to the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, which have provided vital funding over the years, thus enabling the development of my research agenda. Furthermore, I would like to thank Doris Wastl-Walter for her support in my completion of a cumulative Habilitation thesis at the University of Bern in 2013, which allowed me to rehearse my main arguments regarding the possibility of a political geography of surveillance.

    As the book brings together numerous strands of longstanding investigation, I should also point out that some of my empirical examples and conceptual reflections have been published previously. Chapters 2 and 4 draw on Klauser, F. (2012) ‘Thinking through territoriality: Introducing Claude Raffestin to Anglophone socio-spatial theory’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 30(1): 106–21. Some of the arguments advanced in Chapters 3, 6 and 11 have been made previously in Klauser, F., Paasche, T. and Söderström, O. (2014) ‘Michel Foucault and the smart city: Power dynamics inherent in contemporary governing through code’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(5): 869–85; and in Klauser, F. (2013) ‘Through Foucault to a political geography of mediation in the information age’, Geographica Helvetica, 68(2): 95–104. The case studies in Chapters 5, 8 and 9 draw upon Klauser, F., Ruegg, J. and November, V. (2008) ‘Airport surveillance between public and private interests’, in M. Salter (ed.), Politics of the Airport, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 105–26; Klauser, F. (2015) ‘Interacting forms of expertise and authority in mega-event security: The example of the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Games’, The Geographical Journal, 181(3): 224–34; Klauser, F. (2011) ‘Commonalities and specificities in mega-event securitisation: The example of Euro 2008 in Austria and Switzerland’, in C.J. Bennett and K.D. Haggerty (eds) Security Games: Surveillance and Control at Mega-Events, London: Routledge, pp. 120–36; and Klauser, F. (2011) ‘The exemplification of “fan zones”: Mediating mechanisms in the reproduction of best-practices at Euro 2008’, Urban Studies, 48(15): 3203–19.

    My discussion of Peter Sloterdijk’s theory of spheres in Chapter 7 takes up parts of Klauser, F. (2010) ‘Splintering spheres of security: Peter Sloterdijk and the contemporary fortress city’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 28(2): 326–40. In turn, my analysis of the distancing effects induced by video surveillance is partly based on Klauser, F. (2007a) ‘Disturbances in the experience of the city through our senses: CCTV and the development of an unreal parallel world’, Senses and Society, 2(2): 173–87; and on Klauser, F. (2007b) ‘Difficulties in revitalising public space by video-surveillance’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 14(4): 337–48. Finally, other previously published work runs more diffusely throughout the book, such as Klauser, F. (2009) ‘Interacting forms of expertise in security governance: The example of CCTV surveillance at Geneva International Airport’, British Journal of Sociology, 60(2): 279–97; Klauser, F. (2013) ‘Spatialities of security and surveillance: Managing spaces, separations and circulations at sport mega events’, Geoforum, 49: 289–98; and Klauser, F. and Albrechtslund, A. (2014) ‘From self-tracking to smart urban infrastructures: Towards an interdisciplinary research agenda on Big Data’, Surveillance and Society, 12(2): 273–86.

    Finally, and above all, my love and grateful thanks go to all my friends, who have helped me so much over the years, to my parents, for their love, support and trust, and to my wife Barbara and my daughters Isabelle and Alexandra, for the light and love that make all the difference. Thank you from the bottom of my heart for everything!

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