- Subject index
Suicidal Behaviour: Assessment of People provides a psychometric analysis of various aspects associated with suicidal risk assessment to understand the suicidal personality and predict suicidal behavior. It includes articles by experts in the field covering suicide research carried out globally. The discussion begins with a contextualization of the psychological factors implicated in the aetiology of suicidal behavior with the help of a biopsychosocial model and is followed by an empirical analysis. The theoretical issues are then examined from various perspectives. Some articles also focus on people-at-risk, including individuals suffering from substance abuse and bipolar disorders, security personnel, adolescents, etc.
Chapter 4: Problem-Solving Ability and Repeated Deliberate Self-Harm
Problem-Solving Ability and Repeated Deliberate Self-Harm
Suicidal behaviour including deliberate self-harm (DSH) can be conceptualised as a maladaptive coping response (Sakinofsky, 2000) in which the person's overarching motive is to escape from a problem situation (Baumeister, 1990; Williams and Pollock, 2001) to solve a problem (Applebaum, 1963; Chiles and Strosahl, 2004), or to avoid or relieve unpleasant emotions (Bancroft et al., 1976, 1979; Chapman et al., 2006; McAuliffe et al., 2007). Deliberate self-harm and its repetition pose a major challenge to mental health and social services internationally (Madge et al., 2008; Sakinofsky, 2000). Repetition accounts for a significant proportion of hospital-treated DSH episodes and is regarded as the central characteristic of self-harm (Kerkhof, 2000). More recent evidence shows that repetition ...